Abettor


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Abettor

One who commands, advises, instigates, or encourages another to commit a crime. A person who, being present, incites another to commit a crime, and thus becomes a principal. To be an abettor, the accused must have instigated or advised the commission of a crime or been present for the purpose of assisting in its commission; he or she must share criminal intent with which the crime was committed.

A person who lends a friend a car for use in a Robbery is an abettor even though he or she is not present when the robbery takes place. An abettor is not the chief actor, the principal, in the commission of a crime but must share the principal's criminal intent in order to be prosecuted for the same crime.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ABETTOR, crim. law. One who encourages or incites, persuades or sets another on to commit a crime. Such a person is either a principal or, an accessory to the crime. When present, aiding, where a felony is committed, he is guilty as principal in the second degree ; when absent, he is merely an accessory. 1. Russell, 21; 1 Leach 66; Foster 428.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The abettor is not given the same free pass but he can only be accused of helping once the suicide has been completed and so established.
violation; and substantial assistance by the aider and abettor in the
In National Westminster, the court found that the circumstances of the primary fraud were alleged in sufficient detail, but were not sufficiently detailed to support the further inference of aider and abettor liability on the part of the defendant law firm.
The statute requires placing the mens rea of the principal upon the aider and abettor. (8) But some federal circuit courts skirt this requirement and simply apply [section] 922(d)'s specific intent for aiding and abetting, or apply a specific intent for aiding and abetting while also applying the intent of the principal offender.
However, sub-section four states that teams - whether club or country - could only be punished if they were proved to be an 'accomplice or abettor' in the action.
10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder (collectively Rule 10b-5), generally they are changed with liability as aiders and abettors of another's Rule 10b-5 violation, often as a result of audits or opinions provided to a client.
The police said that the exchange of fire killed three of the gangsters and five others, including their abettor, were arrested from the crime scene.
District Court, Central District of California, granted Ernst & Young's summary judgment motion based on aider and abettor liability but the court denied the firm's summary judgment motion as a primary violator under section 10b of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
Mufti Abdul Qavi was nominated in Qandeel Baloch murder case as an abettor on August 12 this year.
First Interstate Bank of Denver ended aider and abettor liability lawsuits by investors and other private parties under section 10B of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934.
These acts amount to abetment, they argued and pleaded to alter the previously framed charges against the accused by also indicting them all with the charge of abetment under Sections 109 (punishment of abetment if the act abetted committed in consequence and where no express provision is made for its punishment), 111 (liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done) and 113 (liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted different from that intended by the abettor) of the Pakistan Penal Code.
Nor did the court find Peat acted as aider and abettor of the fraud.