tenure

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Tenure

A right, term, or mode of holding or occupying something of value for a period of time.

In feudal law, the principal mode or system by which a person held land from a superior in exchange for the rendition of service and loyalty to the grantor.

The status given to an educator who has satisfactorily completed teaching for a trial period and is, therefore, protected against summary dismissal by the employer.

A length of time during which an individual has a right to occupy a public or private office.

In a general sense, the term tenure describes the length of time that a person holds a job, position, or something of value. In the context of academic employment, tenure refers to a faculty appointment for an indefinite period of time. When an academic institution gives tenure to an educator, it gives up the right to terminate that person without good cause.

In medieval England, tenure referred to the prevailing system of land ownership and land possession. Under the tenure system, a landholder, called a tenant, held land at the will of a lord, who gave the tenant possession of the land in exchange for a good or service provided by the tenant. The various types of arrangements between the tenant and lord were called tenures. The most common tenures provided for military service, agricultural work, economic tribute, or religious duties in exchange for land.

Cross-references

Feudalism.

tenure

n. 1) in real property, the right to possess the property. 2) in employment contracts, particularly of public employees like school teachers or professors, a guaranteed right to a job (barring substantial inability to perform or some wrongful act) once a probationary period has passed.

tenure

noun duration, holding, occupancy, period, possessio, possidere, regime, term
Associated concepts: tenure in office
Foreign phrases: Tenura est pactio contra communem feudi naturam ac rationem, in contractu interposita.Tenure is a compact contrary to the common nature and reason of the fee, put into a contract.
See also: domain, duration, enjoyment, occupancy, occupation, ownership, period, phase, possession, right, seisin, tenancy, term, time, title, use

tenure

the holding or occupying of property, especially realty, in return for services rendered, etc. See, for example FEUDAL SYSTEM.

TENURE, estates. The manner in which lands or tenements are holden.
     2. According to the English law, all lands are held mediately or immediately from the king, as lord paramount and supreme proprietor of all the lands in the kingdom. Co. Litt. 1 b, 65 a; 2 Bl. Com. 105.
     3. The idea of tenure; pervades, to a considerable degree, the law of real property in the several states; the title to land is essentially allodial, and every tenant in fee simple has an absolute and perfect title, yet in technical language, his estate is called an estate in fee simple, and the tenure free and common socage. 3 Kent, Com. 289, 290. In the states formed out of the North Western Territory, it seems that the doctrine of tenures is not in force, and that real estate is owned by an absolute and allodial title. This is owing to the wise provisions on this subject contained in the celebrated ordinance of 1787. Am. Jur. No. 21, p. 94, 5. In New York, 1 Rev. St. 718; Pennsylvania, 5 Rawle, R. 112; Connecticut, 1 Rev. L. 348 and Michigan, Mich. L. 393, feudal tenures have been abolished, and lands are held by allodial titles. South Carolina has adopted the statute, 12 C. II., c. 24, which established in England the tenure of free and common socage. 1 Brev. Dig. 136. Vide Wright on Tenures; Bro. h.t.; Treatises of Feuds and Tenures by Knight's service; 20 Vin Ab. 201; Com. Dig. h.t.; Bac. Ab. h. Thom. Co. Litt. Index, h.t.; Sulliv. Lect. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
A review of academic tenure in radiologic technology.
Our model explores the role of contractual damages in replacing academic tenure (i.
A good way to make clear what is academic tenure is to compare it to something similar, such as judicial tenure.
The passing of the 1988 Educational Reform Act gives us a good opportunity to test the efficiency-based account of academic tenure suggested by Carmichael (1988), who argues that it solves an incentive and information problem.
It seems obvious that in a democratic society we ought to hold on to the structure of academic tenure until we have another viable safeguard for the academy's core belief Yet, according to Perley (1995), these are very hostile times for all of us who work in the academy.
See his "On Some Misconceptions Concerning Academic Freedom" and "In Defense of Academic Tenure," in Louis Joughin, ed.
Propelled by substantial investment from the federal government, state governments, foundations and wealthy alumni, higher education institutions offered those entering the professorial ranks a life of riches, or at least one anchored firmly with middle to upper-middle class incomes, generous employment benefits and a lifetime of job security that came with academic tenure.
Faculty perspectives: Academic tenure benefits the university.
This is being done by targeting the freshman class, with the idea that they will continue to use the page as an instructional tool throughout their academic tenure.
Marcus (2000) reports on the continuing decline of academic tenure in the U.
Jeffrey Williams in "The Other Politics of Tenure" takes up the debate on academic tenure arguing the importance of tenure for academic freedom.
A teacher of fiction writing who hasn't written any fiction in 20 years, Devereaux knows in his heart that academic tenure has made him into "deadwood," as it has most of his colleagues.

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