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I try to remember what they said in the thirteen hundreds: Accidie poisons the soul stream."
Arthur's chivalric accidie and the reactions of his courtiers to it are described in these terms:
This sense of accidie little moments that are significant and which continually happen in an uninvited way, will be quite familiar to those who have lived in the near east - the fatalism, for example.
Accidie and melancholia are recognised personality types and social states from the classical era onwards, and Burton's fantastical Anatomy of Melancholy is a demonstration of how many distinct states could be recognised.
'Depression' we might say, has not joined hands with 'Accidie'.
Rom Harre and Robert Findlay-Jones have discussed accidie - an emotion often referred to in mediaeval Europe but no longer mentioned in the West.[6] Accidie was a feeling of guilt that those leading often tedious, lonely religious (e.g., monastic) lives experienced, not because they failed to do their duty, but because they failed to do it with proper fervour.
When Ptienne offloads her, Melanie sinks back again into her ennui, from which he has been a distraction only Ennui, or accidie or acedia, are preferable terms to |boredom', which suggests a temporary mood.
In a letter to Peter Makin written in the last year of his life, Bunting remarked in the course of discussing his poetry that he felt himself to be "much inclined to" the sin of accidie, and if we are to understand what it is that Briggflatts is struggling against, what it is that is inhibiting his re-membering, we might begin by understanding what is involved with this "sin." In Bunting's letter to Makin, he explains that it means essentially "hopelessness": in the Commedia, Medusa makes her appearance just after Dante has made acquaintance with the "accidiosi." Chaucer had the word, but it has vanished from modem English and an its very complex meaning is forgotten and no one takes any notice of it.
When he tells us that he is writing a journal as a defense against accidie, modern readers recognize the sound of a classical sin--and, if they bother to Google it, will find that it is the sin of sloth, of wasting due to lack of use.
"Accidie is lyk hem that been in the peyne of helle," so Chaucer wrote in the last of his tales of a pilgrimage to Canterbury (1957, 250.