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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Imhoff, "The anatomic reconstruction of acromioclavicular joint dislocations using 2 TightRope devices: a biomechanical study," American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.
Pittevils, "The treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation Tossy grade III with a clavicle hook plate," Acta Orthopaedica Belgica, vol.
Acromioclavicular joint fluid: Determination of clinical significance with MR imaging.
The majority showed acromioclavicular joint space narrowing and osteophytosis, and the leading glenohumeral joint findings were joint narrowing, calcification, and osteophytosis--highly suggestive of SIS.
Carlos Edwards' absence with what the medical men call "a significant disruption to his acromioclavicular joint" ( a knackered shoulder to the rest of us ( has been compounded by Anthony Stokes' sloppy time-keeping.
SAN DIEGO -- Combined use of two tests--a bone scan and a test in which the clavicle and acromion are compressed--effectively and noninvasively screen patients for possible acromioclavicular joint pain, Dr.
Motor and Sensory Evaluation Motor Evaluation C1-C4 Diaphragm C5 Biceps C6 Wrist extensors C7 Triceps C8 Finger extensors T2-L1 Use sensory level L2 Hip flexors L3 Quadriceps L4 Tibialis anterior S1 Gastrocnemius S2-S5 Use sensory level and rectal tone Sensory Evaluation C4 Top of acromioclavicular joint C5 Lateral side of antecubital fossa C6 Thumb C7 Third finger C8 Fifth finger T1 Medial side of antecubital fossa T4 Nipple line T5-T9 Corresponding intercostals space T10 Umbilicus L1 Inguinal ligament L2 Middle of anterior thigh L4 Medial calf L5 Lateral calf S2 Posterior thigh S4, S5 Perineum
A bone scan performed soon after showed increased uptake in the right acromioclavicular joint, but no evidence of activity in the left scapula.
Impingement syndrome of the shoulder is defined as the encroachment of the acromion, coracoacromial ligament, coracoid process and/or acromioclavicular joint on the rotator cuff mechanism that passes beneath them when the glenohumeral joint is moved, particularly during flexion and rotation.
The medial border of the acromion is short and has a small oval facet directed upwards and medially for articulation with the lateral end of the clavicle to form a plane synovial acromioclavicular joint. The tip of acromion gives attachment to the coracoacromial ligament, the medial end of which is attached to the posterolateral margin of the coracoid process.
Simeone, "Intra-articular fibroma of tendon sheath arising in the acromioclavicular joint," Skeletal Radiology, vol.
His pain was localized to the anterosuperior aspect of his shoulder in the region of his acromioclavicular joint. His pain had progressed to the point of functional limitation.