Process

(redirected from Acromion process)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia.
Related to Acromion process: Medial border of scapula

Process

A series of actions, motions, or occurrences; a method, mode, or operation, whereby a result or effect is produced; normal or actual course of procedure; regular proceeding, as, the process of vegetation or decomposition; a chemical process; processes of nature.

In patent law, an art or method by which any particular result is produced. A definite combination of new or old elements, ingredients, operations, ways, or means to produce a new, improved, or old result, and any substantial change therein by omission, to the same or better result, or by modification or substitution, with different function, to the same or better result, is a new and patentable process.

In civil and criminal proceedings, any means used by a court to acquire or exercise its jurisdiction over a person or over specific property. A summons or summons and complaint; sometimes, a writ.

Cross-references

Service of Process.

process

n. in law, the legal means by which a person is required to appear in court or a defendant is given notice of a legal action against him/her/it. When a complaint in a lawsuit is filed, it must be served on each defendant together with a summons issued by the clerk of the court, stating the amount of time (say, 30 days) in which the defendant has to file an answer or other legal pleading with the clerk of the court and sent to the plaintiff. A subpena is a similar to a summons but is a notice to a witness to appear at a deposition (testimony taken outside court), or at a trial. A subpena duces tecum is an order to deliver documents or other evidence either into court or to the attorney for a party to a lawsuit or criminal prosecution. An order to show cause is a court order to appear in court and give a reason why the court should not issue an order (such as paying temporary child support). The summons, complaint, subpena, subpena duces tecum and order to show cause must all be "served" on the defendant or person required to appear or produce, and this is called "service of process." Service of process is usually made by an officer of the court such as a deputy sheriff or marshal, or a professional process server, but can be performed by others in most jurisdictions. (See: summons, subpena, order to show cause, process server, service of process)

PROCESS, practice. So denominated because it proceeds or issues forth in order to bring the defendant into court, to answer the charge preferred against him, and signifies the writ or judicial means by which he is brought to answer. 1 Paine, R. 368 Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2. In the English law, process in civil causes is called original process, when it is founded upon the original writ; and also to distinguish it from mesne or intermediate process, which issues pending the suit, upon some collateral interlocutory matter, as, to summon juries, witnesses,, and the like; mesne process is also sometimes put in contradistinction to final process, or process of execution; and then it signifies all process which intervenes between the beginning and end of a suit. 3 Bl. Com. 279.
     3. In criminal cases that proceeding which is called a warrant, before the finding of the bill, is termed process when issued after the indictment has been found by the jury. Vide 4 Bl. Com. 319; Dalt. J. c. 193; Com. Dig. Process, A 1; Burn's Dig. Process; Williams, J, Process; 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 338; 17 Vin. Ab. 585.
     4. The word process in the 12th section of the 5th article of the constitution of Pennsylvania, which provides that "the style of all process shall be The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania," was intended to refer to such writs only as should become necessary to be issued in the course of the exercise of that judicial power which is established and provided for in the article of the constitution, and forms exclusively the subject matter of it. 3 Penna. R. 99.

PROCESS, rights. The means or method of accomplishing a thing.
     2. It has been said that the word manufacture, (q.v.) in the patent laws, may, perhaps, extend to a new process, to be carried on by known implements, or elements, acting upon known substances, and ultimately producing some other known substance, but producing it in a cheaper or more expeditious manner, or of a better and more useful kind. 2 B. & Ald. 349. See Perpigna, Manuel des Inventeurs, &c., c. 1; s. 5, Sec. 1, p. 22, 4th ed.; Manufacture; Method.

PROCESS, MESNE, practice. By this term is generally understood any writ issued in the course of a suit between the original process and execution.
     2. By this term is also meant the writ or proceedings in an action to summon or bring the defendant into court, or compel him to appear or put in bail, and then to hear and answer the plaintiffs claim. 3 Chit. Pr. 140.

References in periodicals archive ?
The acromio-coracoid distance was measured between the tip of the acromion process and the tip of the coracoid process.
They found that while they could move the cursor from the starting position to the vicinity of the target circle more quickly with the position control scheme, locating and holding the cursor within the target (which required holding the acromion process at a precise point in three-dimensional space, away from its rest position) proved difficult because the shoulder was subject to tremors that prevented the cursor from settling within the target.
* Length of acromion process in mm is the distance between the tip and the posterior border of acromion process.
For the assessment of the kinematic data, spherical plastic markers (2.5 cm in diameter) covered with reflective tape were positioned over the following bony landmarks: lateral malleolus of the right ankle, proximal upper edge of the lateral tibial plateau of the right knee, greater trochanter of the right femur, and lateral acromion process of the right shoulder.
The biceps skinfold thickness was measured as the thickness of a vertical fold raised on the anterior aspect of the arm, the triceps skinflold thickness was measured over the triceps muscle at a point midway between the lateral projection of the acromion process of scapula and the inferior margin of the olecranon process of ulna .The subscapular skinfold was picked up on a diagonal, inclined inferolaterally approximately 45c to the horizontal plane in the natural cleavage line of the skin.
The skinfold over the biceps muscle was taken upon the front of the arm midway between the acromion process of the right scapula and the olecranon process of the right ulna.
Bilateral superficial Brachioulnar Artery: It arises from the brachial artery at a point, 12 cm from the acromion process in the arm.
When direct pressure is used against the head of the humerus, the therapist stands beyond the patients head (right side) and places the pads of his thumbs against the head of the humerus, adjacent to the anterior and lateral border of the acromion process.
The landmarks consisted of: forehead, side of the head (right/left), C7 spinous process, acromion process (right/left), sacrum, ASIS (right/left), lateral condyle of humerus (right/left), styloid process of ulnar (right/left), greater trochanter (right/left), lateral condyle of femur (right/left), medial condyle of femur (right/left) toe of the foot (right/left), heel of the foot (right/left), lateral malleolus (right/left), medial malleolus (right/left), at the head of the golf club, on the shaft of the golf club (at 10 cm and 70 cm proximal from the distal end of the shaft).
c) Mid arm circumference (MAC): measured at the midpoint between the tip of acromion process and olecranon process of the left upper arm.
Sixteen markers were placed on the right and left superior aspects of the scapular acromion process, styloid process of ulna, ulnar styloid, proximal interphalangeal joint of the third finger, greater trochanter, later condyle of the tibia, lateral maleolus, and fifth metatarsal according to Dempsters' segment parameters (Winter, 2005).