Acts of Union

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Acts of Union

the Acts that gave effect to the treaties that forged the UK, especially the Act of the English parliament, the Union with Scotland Act 1706. The constitutional result is not clear because the two former nations ceased to exist, as did the parliaments, becoming a new body, the Parliament of Great Britain. Some argue that the Act of Union is fundamental law in the UK and that Parliament is not sovereign in relation to this matter, which is at the heart of its very foundation. The difficulty is in finding a tribunal to deal with infringements. About 1494, Poyning's law conceded that laws for Ireland had to be approved by the English Council. The Irish Parliament remained until the Act of Union in 1800. In 1920 Ireland was partitioned (Government of Ireland Act 1920) and the north remained part of the UK, the south becoming the Irish Free State, emphasized when the new Republic of Ireland left the Dominions (Ireland Act 1949).

There is a devolved Scottish Parliament, but the Union holds, as the Westminster Parliament remains the sovereign parliament of the Scottish people.

References in periodicals archive ?
In my humble opinion, absent a mandate after a general election, the prime minister cannot exercise the royal prerogative knowing it may break up the kingdom brought together by the Act of Union 1706.
To consummate a Yes vote the 1707 Act of Union would need to be repealed 'in toto' and new enabling legislation passed by the UK Parliament to cover all the transitional complexities consequent to the repeal.
I believe it is time for a New Act of Union, one in which the sovereignty of each Home Nation over its domestic matters is recognised.
bar] Echo work experience student Lauren Anwar examines the Act of Union at St Fagans Museum, Cardiff PICTURE: Matthew Horwood [c]
Rather than questioning the 1801 Act of Union or the Anglo-Irish War of 1919-1921, the founder of the Warrington Foundation for Peace raises transcending religious difference and integrated education schools.
The Duke of Queensberry and the union of Scotland and England; James Douglas and the Act of Union of 1707.
The Ayrshire Labour backbencher wants UK notes to mark 301 years of the Act of Union.
The anniversary of the 300-year-old Act of Union arrives as the future of the United Kingdom looks uncertain.
THE Taoiseach has announced a two-month public consultation process on the proposed repeal of over 2,000 Acts of Law dating from before 1801 when the Act of Union was passed.
Yet these same divisive historical moments--after the Act of Union with Ireland, during protests against the New Poor Law, and around the time of the Indian Mutiny--must be forgotten in order to forge a unified British national identity.
The 'Ascendancy' was, by 1760, well established but remained fragile and this fragility led to the system's dismantling by the Act of Union.
Ireland deeply marked both men's views; the collapse of Henry Grattan's experiment in liberalizing the Ascendancy regime with the 1798 rebellion and the 1801 Act of Union with Great Britain dominated politics in Croker's formative years.