act

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Act

Something done; usually, something done intentionally or voluntarily or with a purpose.

The term encompasses not only physical acts—such as turning on the water or purchasing a gun—but also refers to more intangible acts such as adopting a decree, edict, law, judgment, award, or determination. An act may be a private act, done by an individual managing his or her personal affairs, or it may be a public act, done by an official, a council, or a court. When a bill is favorably acted upon in the process of legislation, it becomes an act.

act

1) n. in general, any action by a person. 2) n. a statutory plan passed by Congress or any legislature which is a "bill" until enacted and becomes law. 3) v. for a court to make a decision and rule on a motion or petition, as in "the court will act on your motion for a new trial."

act

(Enactment), noun acte, administration, bill, code, deed, dictate, edict, law, legislation, legislative decree, lex, mandate, ordinance, precept, prescript, règlement, resolution, rule, ruling, statute, written law
Associated concepts: Congressional act, legislative act
Foreign phrases: Actus legis nemini est damnosus.The act of the law shall prejudice no one.

act

(Undertaking), noun accomplishment, action, commission, course, dealing, deed, doing, effectuation, enterprise, execution, feat, implementation, manipulation, measure, method, move, operation, performance, perpetration, step, stratagem, task, transaction
Associated concepts: act in official capacity, act of bankkuptcy, act of commission, act of cruelty, act of embezzleeent, act of flight, act of God, act of infringement, act of innolvency, act of larceny, act of law, act of misfeasance, act of necessity, act of omission, act of ownership, act of provvdence, act of reckless disregard, act of violence, act of war, actus reas, judicial act, mala prohibita act, overt act
Foreign phrases: Actus me invito factus non est meus actus.An act done by me, against my will, is not my act. Actus not facit reum, nisi mens sit rea. An act does not render a person guilty, unless the mind is guilty. Idem est facere, et non prohibere cum possis. It is the same thing to commit an act as not to prohibit it, when it is in your power. Facta sunt potentiora verbis. Acts or deeds are more powerful than words.
See also: accomplish, amendment, canon, codification, commit, comport, constitution, course, demean, deport, dictate, directive, enactment, execute, exercise, fake, false pretense, function, imitate, law, legislation, measure, mock, officiate, operate, operation, palter, perpetrate, portray, prescription, pretend, procedure, proceed, regulation, represent, role, rubric, rule, scene, simulate, statute, step, substitute, transaction

act

1 the formally codified result ofdeliberation by a legislative body; a law, edict, decree, statute, etc. See ACT OF PARLIAMENT.
2 a formal written record of transactions, proceedings, etc., as of a society, committee or legislative body.
3 in Scottish practice an indication of the lawyer who represents the pursuer.

ACT, civil law, contracts. A writing which states in a legal form that a thing has been said, done, or agreed. In Latin, Instrumentum. Merl. Rep.

ACT. In the legal sense, this word may be used to signify the result of a public deliberation, the decision of a prince, of a legislative body, of a council, court of justice, or a magistrate. Also, a decree, edict, law, judgment, resolve, award, determination. Also, an instrument in writing to verify facts, as act of assembly, act of congress, act of parliament, act and deed. See Webster's Dict. Acts are civil or criminal, lawful or unlawful, public or private.
    2. Public acts, usually denominated authentic, are those which have a public authority, and which have been made before public officers, are authorized by a public seal, have been made public by the authority of a magistrate, or which have been extracted and been properly authenticated from public records.
    3. Acts under private signature are those which have been made by private individuals, under their hands. An act of this kind does not acquire the force of an authentic act, by being registered in the office of a notary. 5 N. S. 693; 8 N. S. 568 ; 3 L. R. 419 ; 8 N. S. 396 ; 11 M. R. 243; unless it has been properly acknowledged before the officer, by the parties to it. 5 N. S. 196.
     4. Private acts are those made by private persons, as registers in relation to their receipts and expenditures, schedules, acquittances, and the like. Nov. 73, c. 2 ; Code, lib. 7, tit. 32, 1. 6; lib. 4, t. 21; Dig. lib. 22, tit.. 4; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 2231 to 2254; Toull. Dr. Civ. Francais, tom. 8, p. 94.

ACT, evidence. The act of one of several conspirators, performed in pursuance of the common design, is evidence against all of them. An overt act of treason must be proved by two witnesses. See Overt.
     2. The terra. acts, includes written correspondence, and other papers relative to the design of the parties, but whether it includes unpublished writings upon abstract questions, though of a kindred nature, has been doubted, Foster's Rep. 198 ; 2 Stark. R. 116, 141.
     3. In cases of partnership it is a rule that the act or declaration of either partner, in furtherance of the common object of the association, is the act of all. 1 Pet. R. 371 5 B. & Ald. 267.
     4. And the acts. of an agent, in pursuance of his authority, will be binding on his principal. Greenl. Ev. Sec. 113.

ACT, legislation. A statute or law made by a legislative body; as an act of congress is a law by the congress of the United States; an act of assembly is a law made by a legislative assembly. If an act of assembly expire or be repealed while a proceeding under it is in fieri or pending, the proceeding becomes abortive; as a prosecution for an offence, 7 Wheat. 552; or a proceeding under insolvent laws. 1 Bl. R. 451; Burr. 1456 ; 6 Cranch, 208 ; 9 Serg. & Rawle, 283.
     2. Acts are general or special; public or private. A general or public act is a universal rule which binds the whole community; of which the courts are bound to take notice ex officio.
     3. Explanatory acts should not be enlarged by equity Blood's case, Comb. 410; although such acts may be allowed to have a retrospective operation. Dupin, Notions de Droit, 145. 9.
     4. Private or special acts are rather exceptions, than rules; being those which operate only upon particular persons and private concerns; of these the courts are not bound to take notice, unless they are pleaded. Com. 85, 6; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 105.

References in periodicals archive ?
Under section 2 of the act, any "offer to make amends" is an offer to "make a suitable correction of the statement complained of" and to " publish the correction and apology" (Queen's Printer of Acts of Parliament, 1996b).
The new legislation, which was passed in July 2003, replaces previous acts of Parliament relating to the sale and supply of alcohol, and late night entertainment licences.
The judges' view was that the 1972 European Communities Act, compelling metrication, is capable of overriding later Acts of Parliament, in this case the 1985 Weights and Measures Act allowing pounds and ounces.
PATRICK Moran is obviously au fait with the legalities and Acts of Parliament appertaining to access to the river wall in Bootle and Seaforth (ECHO Letters, Oct 2).
This act was an important, if often ignored, piece of legislation and it has been superseded by newer Acts of Parliament and, later, by diktats from the EU to force British law to conform to 'European' (that is, German) practice.
Research also showed the number of Acts of Parliament and statutory instruments fell to 1,727 last year, down 8% on 2010.
While at Westminster he helped introduce Acts of Parliament on police complaints, adoption and family planning.
It was even outlawed to commoners by various Acts of Parliament, which remained on the statute book until 1845.
Mr Cooper does not appear to know a lot about the history or traditions of the River Dee or he would know that the boundary between my country (Wales) and England was protected by Acts of Parliament passed between 1700 and 1750 enabling the canalization of the river.