For example, Tindale offers four questions for evaluating a potential ad hominem:
Where a conclusion has been drawn about the opponent's position or claim, is the ad hominem material introduced in the premises relevant to your appraisal of the position or claim, and are there grounds for believing the material is factually correct?
Where the ad hominem material is relevant, is the conclusion drawn from it appropriate?
"It casts Nietzsche as the one who, following Francis Bacon, exposes the deceptive 'idols' of philosophy and culture." It is subtitled How One Philosophizes With a Hammer, and much of it consists of ad hominem attacks on Socrates, Kant, and many of Nietzsche's contemporaries.
Although Nietzsche was an almost wholly solitary figure, he did delight in "understanding and writing about other people." He saw himself as a diagnostician, the authors claim, "and his philosophy consists to a very large extent of speculative diagnoses, concerning the virtues and vices of those whom he read and read about, whose influence determined the temper of the times." Nietzsche's method frequently consisted of ad hominem attacks-- for example, he attacked Socrates for being ugly!
'A lot of them: hate messages, ad hominems
, a little bit of death threats,' he said.
He took potshots at WB officials' swift ad hominems
that have nothing to do with methodology.
Nevertheless, Tiglao insists that a DAP draft ruling was leaked to me, fantasizes that SWS will do a confidential poll on it, and even has petty ad hominems
from anonymous sources.
In a manifestation after Santiago's privilege speech last Wednesday, Enrile only indicated his denial of every crime attributed to him by Santiago by commenting on "her propensity to make unfounded, baseless accusations, her use of ad hominems
, personal attacks, personal assaults against innocent people without any proof or iota of evidence to back her up."