advance directive

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advance directive

a declaration by a person in relation to medical treatment (usually to instruct that it stop) to provide for a situation in which he might himself be unable to comment, e.g. the so-called living will. The US Supreme Court established the right for a person to refuse medical treatment, which in the case of a comatose patient can be difficult to establish. This is an issue that is troubling most legal systems because it raises moral, philosophical and practical questions. In the UK the directive is legally effective because treatment requires consent. It need not be in writing. It cannot, however, compel doctors to cease treatment so as to mercy-kill or provide treatment which they do not consider to be in the best interests of the patient.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many people are caught out when their personal situation changes, but they have failed to update their advance directives to reflect this - such as changing romantic relationships.
As with all advance directives, it's important to have these documents drafted by an attorney so they will be legal in the individual's state.
Advance Directives can be written without a lawyer.
To address concerns about confidentiality, the Medicare Choices Empowerment and Protection Act requires both CMS and outside groups maintaining advance directives to hold the highest standards for privacy and security protection as well as system functionality.
When giving talks for AARP, Meyerson will often ask where people keep their advance directives. Some say their safe deposit box.
The researchers found that 78.1 percent of ADSCs maintained documentation of advance directives. The Northeast had the highest percentage among the U.S.
Advance directives are documents that record results of advance care planning discussions (Sudore et al., 2017).
Does a DNR tattoo meet the legal requirements for an advance directive under Virginia law?
In 2016, 77.9% of residents in residential care communities had an advance directive documented in their files.
The effect of discussions about advance directives on patients' satisfaction with primary care.JGen Intern Med.
Advance directives are another success story for West Virginia because more West Virginians have completed advance directives than residents of any other state.
The companion bills would give Medicare beneficiaries and others online access to model advance directives that choose life-saving treatment, food and fluids equally with those that reject them.

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