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Prescription of intensity of aerobic training. For the prescription of aerobic training, the value corresponding to the percentage of body weight was used.
The acute negative effects of high-intensity aerobic training prior to strength exercise seem to be caused by contractile and metabolic mechanisms (Bentley et al., 2000; Inoue et al., 2016).
Thus, even moderate-intensity aerobic training in the short 12-wk period induced a similar magnitude of free fat mass increase.
The aerobic training was designed to exercise the upper and lower body: For high-intensity group--subject exercised at Level 5, at 50 rpm, accounting to 150 watts (900 kpm) for 15 min at 80% HR max (80% [VO2.sub.max]) and for low-intensity group--subject exercised at Level 3, at 75 rpm, accounting to 90 watts (540 kpm) for 30 min at 50 % HR max (50% [VO2.sub.max]).
As the researchers examined the studies, they discovered that older adults who did aerobic exercise by itself experienced a three times greater level of improvement in cognitive function than those who participated in combined aerobic training and strength training exercises.
Prior to the start of the program, participants were randomly allocated to the following concurrent training groups: aerobic followed by resistance training (AR) and resistance followed by aerobic training (RA).
As such, this study was constructed to evaluate and compare the effects of resistance training (RT), concurrent resistance and aerobic training (RT + AT) and education-only (EDU) on plasma visfatin concentrations and body composition in overweight and obese women.
Results: The hamstring-to-quadriceps ratio of peak torques on the dominant side increased between pre-training (0.732[+ or -]0.12) and the 6th month of training (0.847[+ or -]0.11) in the aerobic training group (F=6.08; p=0.03).
Moreover, other investigations have demonstrated positive effects of aerobic training on autonomic parameters and hemodynamic profile of older women [22-24].
The low-intensity training group performed aerobic training each day for 7.5 minutes at 40% of the 6-minute walk test speed associated with muscle training at a load of 40% of one maximum repetition.
[18] identified small nonsignificant reductions in SBP and DBP in aerobic training and combined training groups.
Studies included in the review compare an aerobic training intervention to a no exercise or usual care control group or compared continuous aerobic training with interval or intermittent aerobic training.