affinity

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Affinity

The relationship that a person has to the blood relatives of a spouse by virtue of the marriage.

The doctrine of affinity developed from a Maxim of Canon Law that a Husband and Wife were made one by their marriage. There are three types of affinity. Direct affinity exists between the husband and his wife's relations by blood, or between the wife and the husband's relations by blood. Secondary affinity is between a spouse and the other spouse's relatives by marriage. Collateral affinity exists between a spouse and the relatives of the other spouse's relatives. The determination of affinity is important in various legal matters, such as deciding whether to prosecute a person for Incest or whether to disqualify a juror for bias.

affinity

the relationship or connection between one spouse and the blood relatives of the other. See CONSANGUINITY.

AFFINITY. A connexion formed by marriage, which places the husband in the same degree of nominal propinquity to the relations of the wife, as that in which she herself stands towards them, and gives to the wife the same reciprocal connexion with the relations of the husband. It is used in contradistinction to consanguinity. (q.v.) It is no real kindred.
     2. Affinity or alliance is very different from kindred. Kindred are relations. by blood; affinity is the tie which exists between one of the spouses with the kindred of the other; thus, the relations, of my wife, her brothers, her sisters, her uncles, are allied to me by affinity, and my brothers, sisters, &c., are allied in the same way to my wife. But my brother and the sister of my wife are not allied by the ties of affinity: This will appear by the following paradigms


     My wife's father ---|
     | |
     | |
     -----------------| |
     | | |-- are all allied to me. Ego ----- My Wife My wife's sister ---|
     | |
     My wife's niece ---|
     My wife's father ---|
     My Father | | |My brother
     | | | |and my wife's
     | | | |sister are
    |---------------| |----------| |not allied
    | | | | |to each other My brother Ego ---- My wife, My wife's sister |


     3. A person cannot, by legal succession, receive an inheritance from a relation by affinity; neither does it extend to the nearest relations of husband and wife, so as to create a mutual relation between them. The degrees of affinity are computed in the same way as those of consanguinity. See Pothier, Traite du Mariage, part 3, ch. 3, art. 2, and see 5 M. R. 296; Inst. 1, 10, 6; Dig. 38, 10, 4, 3; 1 Phillim. R. 210; S. C. 1 Eng. Eccl. R. 72; article Marriage.

References in periodicals archive ?
Collection of data: Behavioural aspects such as vigilance, resting, grooming, defecation/urination, time spent by male and female together, time spent in group, time spent alone, affinitive interaction, agonistic interaction, mounting, number of mounts and miscellaneous behavioural (feeding drinking etc.) were recorded with naked eye, by aid using the Bioscope, Binocular and Digital camera where necessary.
The m6dA readers (to be identified) are highly affinitive to and bind to the m6dA sites, then the readers may recruit their interaction factors involved in transcription initiation, repression, and so on.
In the same manner, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform (PIK3CA, degree = 33), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma isoform (PIK3CG, degree = 33), and nuclear factor NF[kappa]B p65 subunit (RELA, degree = 25) demonstrate higher affinitive connections with pathways.
Still, corporealities would not be erotically relational at all without their disharmonies across what they share; anodyne notions of a "hyphenated" Jewish-American identity thus inadequately capture Kael's material circumstances in the "diaspora" of affinitive and non-affinitive publics of Jewish, American and trans-national composition.
In "Starlight Order," the affinitive connection to Eliot now becomes clear reference, but with new effect:
To develop, their T cell receptor (TCR[alpha][beta]) must recognise peptides originating from self-antigens presented by HTA molecules in membranes of dendritic cells (DC); the recognition is highly affinitive. Moreover, costimulatory interactions between CD28 (nTreg) and CD80/CD86 (DC) as well as signalling processes induced by IL-2 or IL-15 are indispensable for their differentiation [3, 5].
"It is an affinitive gesture--a friendly one--and may be a way of imparting their scent on you."
Except rarely as part of a polyanagram none is in The New Anagrammasia, Ross Eckler's valuable big 1992 compilation of all then known affinitive anagrams, nor in Stuart Kidd's list of "synonagrams" (03-290).
Will Beijing continue to stick to the long-standing principle of "remaining affinitive despite differences" (he er butong)?
Affinitive interaction (AI): Direct body-touching activities without obvious conflict occurred among individuals, including mutual grooming, nursing and licking.