American Israel Public Affairs Committee


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American Israel Public Affairs Committee

The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) is a national advocacy group that lobbies for U.S. support to the nation of Israel. Founded in 1951, AIPAC has grown into a 65,000-member organization that is recognized as one of the most influential foreign policy groups in the United States. AIPAC has lobbied Congress for U.S. foreign aid to Israel since 1951, when it helped defeat several efforts to cut aid for the resettling of hundreds of thousands of Holocaust Refugees in Israel. In addition, it has lobbied for U.S. military aid to Israel and has helped preserve the special relationship that has existed between the United States and Israel since the United States recognized the nation of Israel in 1948.

AIPAC has its headquarters in Washington, D.C. Members of its staff maintain an active presence in the halls of Congress, attending committee sessions and reviewing legislation that may affect the relationship between the United States and Israel. AIPAC estimates that it monitors 2,000 hours of congressional hearings annually. Its research staff members analyze periodicals and documents in five different languages, amassing a large archive of information on hundreds of issues, including foreign aid, antiterrorism initiatives, and programs that promote United States-Israel strategic cooperation. AIPAC staff members also work with key officials in developing legislation and policy, presenting concepts and information that are moved into the legislative process. AIPAC lobbyists hold one thousand meetings annually with congressional offices.

AIPAC also works with aspiring politicians. During the 1994 elections, representatives of AIPAC met with 600 congressional candidates. As of the early 2000s, nearly half of the members of Congress had been elected since 1990, and AIPAC had worked to educate these new legislators about the relationship between the United State and Israel and the key issues critical to maintaining that relationship. After the 1994 election, AIPAC staff met with every freshman representative.

AIPAC regional staff members travel to more than 600 communities a year to train AIPAC members to be effective advocates for United States-Israel relations. AIPAC works in every congressional district, especially those districts with little or no Jewish population. AIPAC conducts small meetings and statewide workshops, giving its members the opportunity to become involved in grassroots Lobbying.

The influence of AIPAC remains strong. The 1998 foreign aid appropriation bill contained $3 billion for Israel. Of that amount, $1.8 billion was for military aid and $1.2 billion was for economic aid. An additional $80 million was appropriated to help settle Jewish refugees in Israel. AIPAC has also maintained congressional support for Israel's position in the Middle East peace process, arguing that attempts to distance the United States from Israel's position only encourage its Arab neighbors to ask for unilateral concessions. AIPAC believes that the peace process will only achieve results if the close working relationship between the United States and Israel continues.

Following the September 11th Attacks in 2001, AIPAC has stepped up its agenda to make sure that the United States continues to ensure Israel's security by working with Congress to isolate and financially constrict such groups as Hamas, Hezbollah, and Palestinian Islamic Jihad. AIPAC has continued to support U.S. efforts to isolate and pressure Palestinian authority chairman Yasir Afarat to stop bombings and suicide missions within Israel. Through its Web site, the organization also kept its members updated on protective measures taken by the Israeli people as the United States initiated war with Iraq in 2003.

Further readings

American Israel Public Affairs Committee. Available online at <www.aipac.org> (accessed May 30, 2003).

Bass, Warren. 2003. Support Any Friend: Kennedy's Middle East and the Making of the U.S. Israel Alliance. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Wright, John R. 1995. Interest Groups and Congress: Lobbying, Contributions, and Influence. New York: Addison-Wesley.

References in periodicals archive ?
Responding to the F decision, former New York mayor Michael Bloomberg joined the Mayor of Jerusalem to speak with CNN reporter Zev Barak, otherwise known as Wolf Blitzer - the former media propagandist for AIPAC (American Israel Public Affairs Committee) - to tell viewers the F was wrong and that Israel was very safe.
Kerry made the comments in a speech Oct 13 via satellite from London to a foreign policy conference in California by the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, the most powerful pro-Israel lobbying organization in the US.
Barak devant des milliers de delegues a l'ouverture de la conference annuelle de l'association American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC).
Vice President Joe Biden are scheduled to address the American Israel Public Affairs Committee conference Monday.
"It is Iran's pursuit of a nuclear capability which is the greatest challenge facing Israel, the region and the world today," Barak told thousands of delegates at the opening of the annual conference of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC).
Most members of Congress, definitely including Lindsay Graham, and indeed most presidents in my memory, have been keenly aware of the power of groups like AIPAC, the American Israel Public Affairs Committee.
Obama called the commitment to Israel's security "ironclad", as he addressed the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, the largest pro-Israel lobby in the US.
Some critics, however, claim that Congress supports Israel because of the supposedly great power of the "Israel Lobby," especially the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC).
and Israel he American Israel Public Affairs Committee recently hosted its annual conference.
WASHINGTON, May 23, 2011 (Frontier Star): US President Barack Obama spoke before an AIPAC (American Israel Public Affairs Committee) conference in Washington Sunday, amid rumoured tensions with both Jerusalem and the Jewish community in the United States, following his Middle-east policy speech on the other day.
But, Khoury continued, "it is unclear whether or not (Netanyahu) will respond to these demands before the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) has completed its campaign inside of Congress, in an attempt yet again to foil the US President." "If the US is really committed to peace ...
His speech in Washington to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, or AIPAC, an influential pro-Israel lobby group, contrasted sharply with an address Secretary of State Hillary Clinton made at the same forum hours earlier.
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