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noun animans, beast, beast of burden, beast of the field, brute, brute creation, created being, creature, pet, wild being
Associated concepts: animals of a base nature, domestic annmals, wild animal
Foreign phrases: Animalia fera, si facta sint mansueta et ex consuetudine eunt et redeunt, volant et revolant, ut cervi, cygni, etc., eo usque nostra sunt, et ita intelligunnur quamdium habuerunt animum revertendi.Wild aniials, if they are tamed, and are accustomed to leave and return, fly away and fly back, as stags, swans, etc., are connidered to belong to us so long as they have the intention of returning to us.

ANIMAL, property. A name given to every animated being endowed with the power of voluntary motion. In law, it signifies all animals except those of the him, in species.
     2. Animals are distinguished into such as are domitae, and such as are ferae naturae.
     3. It is laid down, that in tame or domestic animals, such as horse, swine, sheep, poultry, and the like, a man may have an absolute property, because they continue perpetually in his possession and occupation, and will not stray from his house and person unless by accident or fraudulent enticement, in either of which cases the owner does not lose his property. 2 Bl. Com. 390; 2 Mod. 319. 1.
     4. But in animals ferae naturae, a man can have no absolute property; they belong to him only while they continue in his keeping or actual possession; for if at any they regain their natural liberty, his property instantly ceases, unless they have animum revertendi, which is only to be known by their usual habit of returning. 2 Bl. Com. 396; 3 Binn. 546; Bro. Ab. Propertie, 37; Com. Dig. Biens, F; 7 Co. 17 b; 1 Ch. Pr. 87; Inst. 2, 1, 15. See also 3 Caines' Rep. 175; Coop. Justin. 457, 458; 7 Johns. Rep. 16; Bro. Ab. Detinue, 44.
     5. The owner of a mischievous animal, known to him to be so, is responsible, when he permits him to go at large, for the damages he may do. 2 Esp. Cas. 482; 4 Campb. 198; 1 Starkie's Cas. 285; 1 Holt, 617; 2 Str.1264; Lord Raym. 110; B. N. P. 77; 1 B. & A. 620; 2 C. M.& R. 496; 5 C.& P. 1; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 187. This principle agrees with the civil law. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. 2, t. 8, s. 2. And any person may justify the killing of such ferocious animals. 9 Johns. 233; 10. Johns. 365; 13 Johns. 312. The owner, of such an animal may be indicted for a common nuisance. 1 Russ. Ch. Cr. Law, 643; Burn's Just., Nuisance, 1.
     6. In Louisiana, the owner of an animal is answerable for the damage he may cause; but if the animal be lost, or has strayed more than a day, he may discharge himself from this responsibility, by abandoning him to the person who has sustained the injury; except where the master turns loose a dangerous or noxious animal; for then he must pay all the harm done, without being allowed to make the abandonment. Civ. Code, art. 2301. See Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
This was achieved and I believe that the tough penalties that the 2011 Act introduced are a strong deterrent and will prevent animal welfare abuses.
This is a huge step forward in terms of animal welfare.
So far she has bagged 27kg of dog waste and raised Dhs1,100 for non-profit animal welfare group Animal Action in Abu Dhabi during the past two weeks.
According to the organisation's PRO, Tuafi Kakunya, the training consists of a lecture on the principles of animal welfare and animal welfare practices as well as practical demonstrations.
In four free cooking demonstrations per day, Turin chef Daniele Spada cooks with children and explains them the importance of knowing where your food comes from, food safety, nutrition, animal welfare, and also show great ways to reduce the amount of food waste.
Later this year these criteria will be used by BBFAW to benchmark the farm animal welfare systems and performance of approximately 60 listed and non-listed European food businesses, including producers, processors, manufacturers, food retail and service companies.
Campaigners snapped at the heels of the Government and urged they proceed with long-awaited legislation, TV vet Pete Wedderburn, warned: "The fact the last major animal welfare act was passed as long ago as 1911 graphically underlines the need for the Government to press ahead with its plans pass the new legislation.
Int'l Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level (5th: 2011: Guelph, Canada) Ed.
The report, Animal Welfare Indicators Wales, showed 36% of stray dogs were returned to their owner in 2009-2010.
Yet, during the numerous debates in the run-up to the passing of the Hunting Act, the League, the International Fund for Animal Welfare and the RSPCA all argued that shooting foxes was more humane than hunting with hounds, despite scientific evidence to the contrary.
Gavinelli and Ferrara both highlight the fact that the 2006-2010 plan, reflecting the outcomes of a Eurobarometer survey on animal welfare, was developed on the basis of the clear interest showed by consumers in buying 'welfare-friendly' products.
Animal welfare scientists Mellor, Stafford (both Massey U.

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