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Previously, a randomized, double-blind, controlled study that had some methodologic problems concluded that antibiotic prophylaxis did not reduce the severity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or tic disorders.
Against this background, we reviewed the literature addressing two issues: 1) the question of safety, specifically the risk of PID following IUD insertion in low-resource settings where gonorrhoea and chlamydia are prevalent, and 2) the value of antibiotic prophylaxis prior to IUD insertion in settings when it is not possible to rule out existing infection.
Although the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in reducing postoperative UTIs is well-established, there is evidence to suggest significant variation in utilization of antibiotic prophylaxis, including inappropriate selection of drugs, improper timing of administration, and excessive duration of prophylaxis.
This issue of the relative benefits versus the risk of antibiotic prophylaxis led to the first guidelines to establish criteria in which antibiotic prophylaxis might be useful in preventing prosthetic joint infection.
ASD or VSD) paradoxical embolism and a reversion to a fetal-type circulation may occur during anaesthesia (transitional circulation) * * Is antibiotic prophylaxis indicated; what drug and what dose?
The relationship between surgical antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines and current practice at Austin Health.
But, it cannot be recommended that antibiotic prophylaxis or closure of every silent PDA routinely unless exact incidence of IE will be cleared out by long-term prospective studies in patients with silent PDA.
Conclusion: Antibiotic prophylaxis with metronidazole and cefazolin results in fewer postoperative infections, decreased duration of hospitalization, and lower medication cost than cefazolin alone.
Protocols for mass antibiotic prophylaxis against anthrax were under development in New York City beginning in early 1999.
This clinical trial assessed whether antibiotic prophylaxis would reduce HIV acquisition in women sex workers.
One child, a known case of ARF who was not on antibiotic prophylaxis at presentation, had been hospitalised with recurrent ARF and RHD.

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