Mean permanence period in the hospital was 15 days, with a maximum of 99 days (DP = 16); mean period using antimicrobial drugs
ranged between 7 and 9 days.
Eight isolates (38% overall; 2014-15, 33%; 2015-16, 33%; 2016-17, 50%) from refugee children were resistant to [greater than or equal to] 3 classes of antimicrobial drugs
, compared with 10 isolates (2% overall; 2014-15, 4%; 2015-16, 1%; 2016-17, 2%) from Germany-born children.
Bacteremia and antimicrobial drug
resistance over time, Ghana.
Isolates are shipped monthly to 1 of the regional laboratories for [beta]-lactamase production testing and agar dilution antimicrobial drug
The use of antimicrobial drugs
in food-producing animals can result in antimicrobial drug--resistant infections in humans.
The 2010 international treatment guidelines of the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) recommend for acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis a fluoroquinolone and an initial dose of an agent from another antimicrobial drug
class (e.g., ceftriaxone or gentamicin) if the fluoroquinolone resistance rate is >10% (9).
gonorrhoeae susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins, the only class of antimicrobial drugs
to which most N.
EIP as an Antimicrobial Drug
Resistance Surveillance System
susceptibility testing was conducted by using the MicroScan Walk-Away System (Dade Behring, West Sacramento, CA, USA).
Firenze, Italy) was used for isolate identification and antimicrobial drug
susceptibility testing; PCR and sequencing, as previously described, was used to identify bla^C genes (3).
To the best of our knowledge, before this report no foodborne carbapenemase-producing organisms had been identified in Canada and the United States, although the scope of antimicrobial drug
resistance surveillance programs is limited to major agricultural products (poultry, beef, and pork) (3,4).
The outcome variable was presence or absence of a claim for an antimicrobial drug
prescription linked to the index visit.