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noun antagonism, assault, attack, battle, blocking, check, combat, confrontation, contention, contrariness, contravention, contumacy, counteraction, defiance, disobedience, fight, hindrance, immunity, insubordination, insurgence, insurrection, mutiny, noncompliance, nonconformance, obstinacy, obstruction, oppugnance, oppugnation, protest, rebellion, rebuff, recalcitrance, recusancy, refusal, reluctance, repugnance, repulsion, revolt, revolution, sedition, stand, strife, strike, struggle, unalterableness, unwillingness, unyieldingness, uprising, withstanding
See also: battle, conflict, contempt, contention, contest, contravention, defiance, deterrence, disadvantage, disapproval, dispute, fight, impediment, impugnation, mutiny, negation, opposition, protest, reaction, rebellion, rebuff, refusal, reluctance, revolt, struggle

RESISTANCE. The opposition of force to force.
     2. Resistance is either lawful or unlawful. 1. It is lawful to resist one who is in the act of committing a felony or other crime, or who maliciously endeavors to commit such felony or crime. See self defence. And a man may oppose force to force against one who endeavors to make an arrest, or to enter his house without lawful authority for the purpose; or, if in certain cases he abuse such authority, and do more than he was authorized to do; or if it turn out in the result he has no right to enter, then the party about to be imprisoned, or whose house is about to be illegally entered, may resist the illegal imprisonment or entry by self-defence, not using any dangerous weapons, and may escape, be rescued, or even break prison, and others may assist him in so doing. 5 Taunt. 765; 1 B. & Adol, 166; 1 East, P. C. 295; 5 East, 304; 1 Chit. Pr. 634. See Regular and Irregular Process.
     3.-2. Resistance is unlawful when the persons having a lawful authority to arrest, apprehend, or imprison, or otherwise to advance or execute the public justice of the country, either civil or criminal, and using the proper means for that purpose, are resisted in so doing; and if the party guilty of such resistance, or others assisting him, be killed in the struggle, such homicide is justifiable; while on the other hand, if the officer be killed, it will, at common law, be murder in those who resist. Fost. 270; 1 Hale, 457; 1 East, P. C. 305.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ref: "Threats to global antimicrobial resistance control: Centrally approved and unapproved antibiotic formulations sold in India.
Most of the respondents agreed that antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide concern (n=114; 98%).
So far, scientists have not described a clear-cut case of genes for antimicrobial resistance traveling from wildlife microbial flora back to humans' microbes, but that scenario is "biologically logical," says Barry McMahon of University College Dublin.
In a communique after the recent Tokyo Meeting of Health Ministers on Antimicrobial Resistance in Japan, health ministers from 12 countries pledged to take a multisectoral approach, with effective governance mechanisms, to combat antimicrobial resistance.
That is why I am calling on international donors -- philanthropic and governmental alike -- to work with the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance to create a new fund to support R&D in this important area.
Food animals may serve as a reservoir of resistant bacteria that carry antimicrobial resistance genes that may be transferred to microorganisms found in humans and thereby limit the medical value of antimicrobials.
The WHO said in a report issued in April that antimicrobial resistance in bacteria is becoming a serious threat that "threatens the achievements of modern medicine.
Where available, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute performance standards were used for interpretation of MICs; otherwise, interpretations established by the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System were used (5,6).
In parallel, the Commission noted its 12 November publication of a decision setting rules for the collection of harmonised data on antimicrobial resistance linked to animals and food.
Professor Christopher Thomas, professor of molecular genetics at the University of Birmingham, said: "Any reassessment of antimicrobial resistance that results in it being increased as a public health priority will help us not only enforce the immediate actions that can prevent the spread of resistance but also invest in research into new ways to combat the threat it poses.
The isolates generated 21 distinct antimicrobial resistance profiles, 2 of which accounted for the majority (53%) of the isolates.
13-15, in Columbus, Ohio, was clear: Antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance are the responsibility of all communities--human health, animal health and environmental health--and solutions will require collaboration of these health communities.

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