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APPRENTICESHIP, contracts. A contract entered into between a person who understands some art, trade or business, and called the master, and another person commonly a minor, during his or her minority, who is called the apprentice, with the consent of his or her parent or next friend by which the former undertakes to teach such minor his art, trade or business, and to fulfill such other covenants as may be agreed upon; and the latter agrees to serve the master during a definite period of time, in such art, trade or business. In a common indenture of apprenticeship, the father is bound for the performance of the covenants by the son. Daug. 500.
     2. The term during which the apprentice is to serve is also called his apprenticeship. Pardessus, )Dr. Com. n. 34.
     3. This contract is generally entered into by indenture or deed, and is to continue no longer than the minority of the apprentice. The English statute law as to binding out minors as apprentices to learn some useful art,. trade or business, has been generally adopted in the United States, with some variations which cannot, be noticed here. 2 Kent, Com. 212.
     4. The principal duties of the parties are as follows: 1st, Duties of the master. He is bound to instruct the apprentice by teaching him, bona fide, the knowledge of the art of which he has undertaken to teach him the elements. He ought to, watch over the conduct of the apprentice, giving him prudent advice and showing him a good example, and fulfilling towards him the duties of a father, as in his character of master, he stands in loco parentis. He is also required to fulfill all the covenants he has entered into by the indenture. He must not abuse his authority, either by bad treatment, or by employing his apprentice in menial employments, wholly unconnected with the business he has to learn. He cannot dismiss his apprentice except by application to a competent tribunal, upon whose, decree the indenture may be cancelled. But an infant apprentice is not capable in law of consenting to his own discharge. 1 Burr. 501. Nor can the justices, according to some authorities, order money to be returned on the discharge of an apprentice. Strange, 69 Contra, Salk. 67, 68, 490; 11 Mod. 110 12 Mod. 498, 553. After the apprenticeship is at an end, he cannot retain the apprentice on the ground that he has not fulfilled his contract, unless specially authorized by statute.
     5.-2d. Duties of the apprentice. An apprentice is bound to obey his master in all his lawful commands, take care of his property, and promote his interest, endeavor to learn his trade or business, and perform all the covenants in his indenture not contrary to law. He must not leave his master's service during the term of the apprenticeship. The apprentice is entitled to payment for extraordinary services, when promised by the master; 1 Penn. Law Jour. 368. See 1 Whart. 113; and even when no express promise has been made, under peculiar circumstances. 2 Cranch, 240, 270; 3 Rob. Ad. Rep. 237; but see 1 Whart, 113. See generally, 2 Kent, Com. 211-214; Bac. Ab. Master and Servant; 1 Saund. R. 313, n. 1, 2, 3, and 4; 3 Rawle, R. 307 3 Vin. Ab. 19; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 396, et seq. The law of France on this subject is strikingly similar to our own. Pardessus, Droit Com. n. 518-522.
     6. Apprenticeship is a relation which cannot be assigned at the common law 5 Bin. 428 4 T. R. 373; Doug. 70 3 Keble, 519; 12 Mod. 554; although the apprentice may work with a second master by order and consent of the first, which is a service to the first under the indenture. 4 T. R. 373. But, in Pennsylvania and some other states the assignment of indentures of apprenticeship is authorized by statute. 1 Serg. & R. 249; 3 Serg. & R. 161, 164, 166.

References in periodicals archive ?
I don't think that a government can establish an apprenticeship system on its own.
The SABIC site in Teesside is heavily committed to employing and training 16 to 18-year-olds under the apprenticeship system, and is proud to be playing a role in the Trailblazer programme.
The Bahraini apprenticeship system would co-ordinate a system that offers graduates the chance to be employed as trainees at companies offering opportunities in learning new methods, machines, techniques and operational processes, paving the way towards hiring them as skilled-workers upon their successful final qualification.
Whilst the Indian apprenticeship system is well established and supported by legislative and administrative arrangements that have been developed over several decades, by international standards it is underutilised, with inadequate incentives for employers, and insufficient structure and resources to link apprenticeships with career and vocational guidance services to the extent they exist (Comyn, 2014).
Director (ToT) NAVTTC presented existing Apprenticeship system / Regulation in Pakistan, its limitations and proposed reforms which require the efficient participation of Public & Private sector.
In the UK we have had an unstable and fragmentary apprenticeship scheme--we need to develop a similarly strong and high-quality apprenticeship system as the Germans that would ensure we hang on to our young people.
recommendations for the UK apprenticeship system, calling for greater the urging and engagement employer government to push for all large employers er places, with to sign an agreement to offmore include to model the of widening aoccupations and greater academic content.
"We are very pleased the Government has decided to make apprenticeships a spending priority, but it is employers who are at the heart of the apprenticeship system and it is extremely difficult to anticipate much growth in the number of construction apprenticeships without growth in the industry."
Chris Windass, UK Service Director of George Birchall Service Ltd, which has had a thriving apprenticeship programme throughout its 30-year history, said: "Our four latest apprentices are proving to be a great asset to the company and fully justified our ongoing faith in the apprenticeship system despite the challenging economic conditions."
However, Brian Berry, FMB Director of External Affairs, said the sector needs to grow for apprenticeships to rise, and added: "It is employers who are at the heart of the apprenticeship system.
The visible sign of this second strand of education was the apprenticeship system, which has in itself a tradition that dates back at least as long as academic education.
registered apprenticeship system is training more than 400,000 workers, the United States is far behind other countries at 0.3% of the work force.