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A person who agrees to work for a specified time in order to learn a trade, craft, or profession in which the employer, traditionally called the master, assents to instruct him or her.

Both minors and adults can be legally obligated under the terms of an apprenticeship contract, and any person who has the capacity to manage his or her own affairs may engage an apprentice. In some states, a minor may void a contract of apprenticeship, but in cases where the contract is beneficial to the minor, other jurisdictions do not permit the minor to void it. There must be strict compliance with statutes that govern a minor's actions concerning an apprenticeship.

An apprenticeship must arise from an agreement, sometimes labeled an Indenture, which possesses all the requisites of a valid contract. If the contract cannot be performed within a year, it must be in writing, in order to satisfy the Statute of Frauds, an old English Law adopted in the United States, which requires certain agreements to be in writing. The apprentice, the employer, and, if the apprentice is a minor, his or her parents or guardians must sign the apprenticeship agreement. Some jurisdictions require explicit consensual language in addition to the signature or signatures of one or both parents, depending upon the applicable statute. The contract must include the provisions required by law and drafted for the benefit of the minor such as those relating to his or her education and training. A breach of apprenticeship contract might justify an award of damages, and, unless authorized by statute, there can be no assignment, or transfer, of the contract of apprenticeship to another that would bind the apprentice to a new service.

A person who lures an apprentice from his or her employer may be sued by the employer, but the employer cannot recover unless the defendant knew of the apprentice relationship.The apprenticeship may be concluded by either party for good cause, where no definite term of service is specified, by mutual consent, or by a dismissal of the apprentice. Automatic termination ensues from the expiration of the term of service, involuntary removal of the apprentice from the jurisdiction where he or she was bound, or service in the armed forces even though voluntary and without the consent of the employer. The death of either party terminates the relationship, as does the attainment of the age of majority by the apprentice, in most instances. Courts may terminate such contracts when they violate statutes. The master's cruelty, immorality, interference with the apprentice's religious beliefs or duties, or other misconduct and the misbehavior of the apprentice also constitute grounds for termination.


noun beginner, learner, novice, novitiate, probationer, worker
See also: amateur, assistant, coadjutant, disciple, employee, neophyte, novice, probationer, protégé


a person bound under an apprenticeship, a special and ancient contract binding the apprentice to serve and learn and the master to instruct. The deed recording the contract is sometimes called an indenture.

APPRENTICE, person, contracts. A person bound in due form of law to a master, to learn from him his art, trade or business, and to serve him during the time of his apprenticeship. (q.v.) 1 Bl. Com. 426; 2 Kent, Com. 211; 3 Rawle, Rep. 307; Chit. on Ap. 4 T. R. 735; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2. Formerly the name of apprentice en la ley was given indiscriminately to all students of law. In the reign of Edward IV. they were sometimes called apprentice ad barras. And in some of the ancient law writers, the term apprentice and barrister are synonymous. 2 Inst. 214; Eunom. Dial, 2, Sec. 53, p. 155.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dormer is supported in his strong beliefs about apprenticeships by Neeta Patel, CEO of the New Entrepreneurs Foundation, another long-time advocate of this career path.
The popularity of the Modern Apprenticeship programmes has been inspirational and it's really encouraging to see Foundation Apprenticeships and Graduate Apprenticeships adding to the possibilities.
It is the week we celebrate what apprenticeships can oer both individuals and business alike.
In addition to Modern Apprenticeships, there are also Foundation Apprenticeships for S5/S6 school pupils and Graduate Apprenticeships for employees to gain a degree through workbased learning.
SDS Chief Executive Damien Yeates said work-based learning and apprenticeships are vital for Scotlands future prosperity.
Aidan Friend, chief operating officer of CU Coventry, is leading an ambitious apprenticeship strategy to become the biggest provider of higher and degree apprenticeships, which allow students to earn a full-time wage and study for higher level qualifications at the same time.
Dr Ruth Helyer, the University's head of skills, said: "The Higher and Degree Apprenticeships are excellent for both employers and employees.
Tetlow outlined the value of apprenticeships to the engineering profession, as well as the need to embed professional registration into schemes.
L&I has been involved with apprenticeships for more than 70 years, overseeing training standards and program curriculum as part of its work with the council.
In Scotland, we have an abundance of untapped talent and our employers, colleges and training providers run some of the best apprenticeships and training programmes in the UK.
WELSH LABOUR With 17 years of governing the Assembly, Labour's manifesto inevitably discusses what the Labour administration has achieved during this time to create and promote apprenticeships.
Skills Minister Nick Boles said apprenticeships were "one of the great successes of the decade", as he marked National Apprenticeship Week.

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