Architect of the Capitol

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Architect of the Capitol

Established as a permanent office in 1876 (40U.S.C.A. §§ 162, 163), the architect of the capitol oversees the mechanical and structural maintenance of the Capitol, the conservation and care of works of art in the building, the upkeep and improvement of the Capitol grounds, and the arrangement of inaugural and other ceremonies held in the building or on the grounds. In addition, the architect is responsible for the upkeep of all the congressional office buildings, the Library of Congress buildings, the U.S. Supreme Court building, the Federal Judiciary Building, the Capitol Power Plant, the Capitol Police headquarters, and the Robert A. Taft Memorial. The architect also serves as the acting director of the U.S. Botanic Garden.

The functions of the architect have become increasingly administrative, and the architectural or engineering dimensions less important. Special projects carried out by the architect include building renovation and restoration, including installation of broadcasting and security equipment in the Capitol.

Before 1989, the position of architect of the capitol was filled for an indefinite term by presidential appointment. Legislation enacted in 1989 (Pub. L. No. 101-163, 103 Stat. 1068 [codified at 40 U.S.C.A. § 162–1]) provided that the architect be appointed for a ten-year term by the president, with the advice and consent of the Senate, from a list of three candidates recommended by a congressional commission. Upon confirmation by the Senate, the architect becomes an official of the legislative branch as an officer and agent of Congress and is eligible for reappointment after completion of a term.

Further readings

U.S. Government Manual Website. Available online at <> (accessed November 10, 2003).

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) "Moses," Architect of the Capitol Web Site, capitol-hill/relief-portrait-plaques-lawgivers/moses, (Accessed 23 July 2014).
The Architect of the Capitol agency entered into a 17-month contract late last year with Urban Service Systems Corp., which delivers the waste to Covanta, to divert up to 90% of the U.S.
In Architect of the Capitol, the GAO found that a federal agency's participation in an employee fringe benefit plan would violate the Antideficiency Act (ADA).
(3.) Architect of the Capitol, "The Statue of Freedom,"
To complicate matters, a map of the Mall reveals seven agencies that are responsible for two square miles of land, from the Department of Interior to the Architect of the Capitol to the Smithsonian institution, and even the District of Columbia.
The Architect of the Capitol plans to award up to three indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity contracts for the design and construction of perimeter security at the U.S.
The architect of the capitol operates, maintains, develops, and preserves the Capitol complex.
"This is the first major addition to the Capitol in 140 years and you've got to do it right," says Bruce Milhans, a spokesman for the architect of the Capitol. "This has been very carefully designed to minimize the impact on the grounds, but it's impossible to do with no impact." After all, there are 346 trees on the East Lawn alone.
According to the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, three-quarters of the waste collected in House buildings last year--nearly five million pounds of paper--was too contaminated with food waste, metals, glass, plastics and medical waste to recycle.
In 1803, Benjamin Latrobe became architect of the Capitol. He redesigned the interior plan of the north (Senate) and south (House) wings.
The list maintained by the Architect of the Capitol includes several members of Congress, beginning with Henry Clay of Kentucky in 1852 and, most recently, Sen.