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A form of expression consisting of a coherent set of reasons presenting or supporting a point of view; a series of reasons given for or against a matter under discussion that is intended to convince or persuade the listener.

For example, an argument by counsel consists of a presentation of the facts or evidence and the inferences that may be drawn therefrom, which are aimed at persuading a judge or jury to render a verdict in favor of the attorney's client.

An attorney may begin to develop an argument in the Opening Statement, the initial discussion of the case in which the facts and the pertinent law are stated. In most cases, however, an attorney sets forth the main points of an argument in the closing argument, which is the attorney's final opportunity to comment on the case before a judge or jury retires to begin deliberation on a verdict.


(Contention), noun altercation, belligerency, bickering, breach, clashing, conflict, contentiousness, controversy, cross-purposes, debate, difference of opinion, disaccord, disagreement, discord, disputation, dispute, dissension, dissent, disunion, disunity, division, divisiveness, feud, hard feelings, hostility, ill feeling, ill will, lack of concord, opposition, oral contention, polemics, quarrel, quarreling, strife, variance, verbal conflict, war of words, wrangle, wrangling
Associated concepts: a posteriori, a priori, apex juris
Foreign phrases: In rebus manifestis, errat qui auctoritates legum allegat; quia perspicua vera non sunt probanda.In clear cases, he errs who cites legal authorities because obbious truths are manifest and do not have to be proved. Argumentum ab inconvenienti est validum in lege; quia lex non permittit aliquod inconveniens. An argument drawn from what is inconvenient is good in law, because the law will not permit any inconvenience.


(Pleading), noun argument at the bar, counterstatement, course of reasoning, defense, discourse designed to convince, disputation, expression of opinion for or against, plea, pleading, rationale, refutation, statement of defense, statement offered in proof, statement tending to prove a point, submission
Associated concepts: argument submitted to the court, clossng argument, equittable argument, legal argument, opennng argument, oral argument, preargument statement
Foreign phrases: In rebus manifestis, errat qui auctoriiates legum allegat; quia perspicua vera non sunt probanda.In clear cases, he errs who cites legal authoriiies because obvious truths are manifest and do not have to be proved.
See also: altercation, basis, brief, conflict, confrontation, contest, contravention, disaccord, disagreement, discourse, disparity, dispute, dissent, dissidence, item, persuasion, pleading, point, reason, remonstrance, rift, thesis

ARGUMENT, practice. Cicero defines it ii probable reason proposed in order to induce belief. Ratio probabilis et idonea ad faciendam fidem. The logicians define it more scientifically to be a means, which by its connexion between two extremes) establishes a relation between them. This subject belongs rather to rhetoric and logic than to law.

References in periodicals archive ?
In his first chapter, which constitutes Part 1, Nagasawa introduces the arguments he will examine, making a case for regarding them as knowledge arguments.
If you're spoiling for a good argument, you may meet your match in Kathleen Farrell's office.
Joseph Tybor, the court's press secretary, noted that the court has allowed the news media, upon request made at least five days in advance, to bring cameras and audiotaping devices to the court to record oral arguments since the 1980s.
The other statewide ballot issue, Measure 50, attracted 58 arguments - 31 against and 27 for its passage.
32) Expanding oral argument could protect attorneys against the worst effects of hijacking by allowing them sufficient time both to respond to the judges' questions and return to their arguments.
Much of the writings of William Dembski, Paul Nelson, and other ID supporters, however, emphasize a "filter" version of the argument for design.
The templates also use simple and direct language to set the tone for students to express their arguments clearly.
Since polyamory is free of the "patriarchal baggage" attached to traditional polygamy, most of the arguments against multi-partner unions in the four just-released polygamy reports would not apply.
Measure R doesn't say what it really does -- lengthen City Council term limits,'' the argument said.
The IRS has issued Notice 2006-31, which identified and included brief descriptions of 26 frivolous arguments; in addition, the notice identifies and explains the potential civil and criminal penalties for participation in, or promotion of, frivolous arguments.
Here's a more plausible account: Numerous commentators in the West presumed that 9/11 was payback for American policy in the Middle East, and especially its support for Israel against Palestine, so bin Laden, previously a Saudi obsessive, adopted those arguments as his own.
On March 1, 2006, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Cuno v.

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