Aristotle

(redirected from Aristoteles)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
Related to Aristoteles: Aristotle

Aristotle

Aristotle. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Aristotle.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Aristotle was born in 384 b.c., in Stagira, Greece. He achieved prominence as an eminent philosopher who greatly influenced the basic principles of philosophy and whose ideologies are still practiced today.

Aristotle was a student of the renowned philosopher Plato and tutored Alexander the Great, who became King of Macedonia in 336 b.c.

Aristotle established his own school in the Lyceum, near Athens, in 335 b.c. He often lectured his students in the portico, or walking place, of the Lyceum. The school was subsequently called Peripatetic, after the Greek word peripatos for "walking place."

In 323 b.c. the reign of Alexander ended with his death, and Aristotle sought refuge at Chalcis.

Aristotle formulated numerous beliefs about the reasoning power of humans and the essence of being. He stressed the importance of nature and instructed his pupils to closely study natural phenomena. When teaching science, he believed that all ideas must be supported by explanations based upon facts.

Concerning the realm of politics, Aristotle propounded that humans are inherently political and demonstrate an essential part of their humanity when participating in civic affairs.

Philosophy was a subject of great interest to Aristotle, and he theorized that philosophy was the foundation of the ability to understand the basic axioms that comprise knowledge. In order to study and question completely, Aristotle viewed logic as the basic means of reasoning. To think logically, one had to apply the syllogism, which was a form of thought comprised of two premises that led to a conclusion; Aristotle taught that this form can be applied to all logical reasoning.

"Man is by nature a political animal."
—Aristotle

To understand reality, Aristotle theorized that it must be categorized as substance, quality, quantity, relation, determination in time and space, action, passion or passivity, position, and condition. To know and understand the reality of an object required an explanation of its material cause, which is why it exists or its composition; its formal cause, or its design; its efficient cause, or its creator; and its final cause, or its reason for being.

Aristotle agreed with his mentor, Plato, concerning the field of ethics. The goodness of a being depended upon the extent to which that being achieved its highest potential. For humans, the ultimate good is the continual use and development of their reasoning powers to fullest capacity. To effect fulfillment and contentment, humans must follow a life of contemplation, rather than pleasure.

The fundamental source of Aristotle's theories were his lectures to his students, which were compiled into several volumes. They include Organum, which discusses logic; Physics; Metaphysics; De Anima, concerning the soul; Rhetoric; Politics; Nichomachean Ethics and Eudemian Ethics, involving principles of conduct; and De Poetica, or poetics.

He also wrote Constitution of Athens, a description of the foundations of the government of Athens. The work was discovered in the late nineteenth century.

Aristotle died in 322 b.c., in Chalcis, Greece.

References in periodicals archive ?
En este escrito tardio, Heidegger mantiene la idea de que existe un vinculo radical entre el tiempo y el ser-humano (Mensch), tesis que Aristoteles avizora, por primera vez, en la historia de la filosofia.
Aristoteles intenta comprender los seres vivos como entidades "naturales" que se explican por si mismos a partir de su teoria de las cuatro causas (material, formal, eficiente y final).
Nos parece que el modelo dibujado por Van Eemeren en su teoria pragma-dialectica tiene una similitud con el modo en que Aristoteles desarrollo su dialectica, pues para este los dialecticos razonan con la finalidad de encontrar una tesis que pueda ser considerada cierta y demostrable por el fisico.
Tengo la impresion de que Aristoteles no estaba siendo extraordinario cuando dijo que el agua puede convertirse en aire mediante la dispersion, o que el aire puede convertirse en una nube mediante la compresion.
Aristoteles inicia su exposicion abordando la tarea de determinar cual es el bien ultimo del hombre.
Ambas posturas se encuentran expresadas por Aristoteles en relacion con el placer de las obras mimeticas.
El titulo nos sugiere que en los capitulos que componen el libro se va a tratar diferentes formas de abordar y entender la amistad, pero al terminar de leer el texto completo observamos que existe un hilo conductor que surge de la filosofia de Platon y Aristoteles y que se remite con variaciones y anadidos en los demas autores.
Si estos dos tipos de inferencias son las que componen a la analogia, no esta claro por que Aristoteles llama induccion a la analogia, (6) mucho menos si en otros lugares las distingue tajantemente.
Y, en tanto las afecciones del alma son inherentes al cuerpo, a la materia, Aristoteles indica que el fisico podria ocuparse tambien de estas.
Asi que el profesor se veria obligado a responder lo que, en el fondo, responde tambien Aristoteles.
Si aplicamos esta interpretacion al ejemplo de los dos gimnastas ofrecido por Aristoteles, diriamos que Milon actua virtuosamente al comer diez libras de alimentos diarios, por ejemplo, mientras que el principiante actua virtuosamente si consume una cantidad menor.