Aristotle

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Aristotle

Aristotle. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Aristotle.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Aristotle was born in 384 b.c., in Stagira, Greece. He achieved prominence as an eminent philosopher who greatly influenced the basic principles of philosophy and whose ideologies are still practiced today.

Aristotle was a student of the renowned philosopher Plato and tutored Alexander the Great, who became King of Macedonia in 336 b.c.

Aristotle established his own school in the Lyceum, near Athens, in 335 b.c. He often lectured his students in the portico, or walking place, of the Lyceum. The school was subsequently called Peripatetic, after the Greek word peripatos for "walking place."

In 323 b.c. the reign of Alexander ended with his death, and Aristotle sought refuge at Chalcis.

Aristotle formulated numerous beliefs about the reasoning power of humans and the essence of being. He stressed the importance of nature and instructed his pupils to closely study natural phenomena. When teaching science, he believed that all ideas must be supported by explanations based upon facts.

Concerning the realm of politics, Aristotle propounded that humans are inherently political and demonstrate an essential part of their humanity when participating in civic affairs.

Philosophy was a subject of great interest to Aristotle, and he theorized that philosophy was the foundation of the ability to understand the basic axioms that comprise knowledge. In order to study and question completely, Aristotle viewed logic as the basic means of reasoning. To think logically, one had to apply the syllogism, which was a form of thought comprised of two premises that led to a conclusion; Aristotle taught that this form can be applied to all logical reasoning.

"Man is by nature a political animal."
—Aristotle

To understand reality, Aristotle theorized that it must be categorized as substance, quality, quantity, relation, determination in time and space, action, passion or passivity, position, and condition. To know and understand the reality of an object required an explanation of its material cause, which is why it exists or its composition; its formal cause, or its design; its efficient cause, or its creator; and its final cause, or its reason for being.

Aristotle agreed with his mentor, Plato, concerning the field of ethics. The goodness of a being depended upon the extent to which that being achieved its highest potential. For humans, the ultimate good is the continual use and development of their reasoning powers to fullest capacity. To effect fulfillment and contentment, humans must follow a life of contemplation, rather than pleasure.

The fundamental source of Aristotle's theories were his lectures to his students, which were compiled into several volumes. They include Organum, which discusses logic; Physics; Metaphysics; De Anima, concerning the soul; Rhetoric; Politics; Nichomachean Ethics and Eudemian Ethics, involving principles of conduct; and De Poetica, or poetics.

He also wrote Constitution of Athens, a description of the foundations of the government of Athens. The work was discovered in the late nineteenth century.

Aristotle died in 322 b.c., in Chalcis, Greece.

References in periodicals archive ?
Este volumen incluye un total de tres obras: la primera estudia toda la metafisica del Estagirita (Disputationes in universam Aristotelis Metaphysicam, ff.
Duns Escoto, Quaestiones super libros Metaphysicorum Aristotelis, IX.15 [seccion] 22 (OPh IV, pp.
3.2 La Vita Aristotelis de Leonardo Bruni como artefacto filosofico
Hasse tries to resolve this tension by first drawing upon Christina D'Ancona to show that Avicenna's notion of abstraction comes from Theologia Aristotelis (hence a Neoplatonic source), and second by citing McGinnis, who argues for conflating the ontology of essences with Avicenna's understanding of vision.
Auctoritates Aristotelis. Un florilege medieval : etude historique et edition critique, ed.
Por ejemplo, Antic Roca fue un seguidor del aristotelismo humanista, aderezado con algunos rasgos lulianos, tal y como puede verse en su obra In Aristotelis archiphysicou Organum doctissimae et elegantissimae praelectiones (56).
(1949): (ed.) Aristotelis categoriae et liber de interpretatione--Recognovit brevique adnotatione critica instrvxit, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
The fact that Bashier concludes his account with Ibn Arabi and the famous Theologia Aristotelis makes his neoplatonic taste in the history of philosophy clearer.
The first series concerned natural philosophy: Totius Aristotelis philosophiae naturalis, (Paris: Johann Higman, 1492).
Aristotelis Tsiambiris, Professor of International Relations, says this first meeting between the presidents of the two countries is a positive step in any case.
He leaves his wife of 44 years, Evangelia (Toufa) Panagiotou, 2 sons; George Panagiotou and his wife Amy and Kostas Panagiotou all of Webster, 4 grandchildren; Ashleigh, Kaitlyn, Matthew and Olivia, 2 brothers; Steve Pano and his wife Addie of Port Richey, FLA., and Aristotelis Panagiotou and his wife Gloria of Shrewsbury and many nieces and nephews.