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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)


adjective allied, amalgamated, associated, coalitional, collaborative, collective, combined, common, communal, communis, community, concerted, concurrent, confederate, conjoint, conjugate, conjunct, consolidated, cooperative, coordinated, corporate, correal, harmonious, inseparable, joined, leagued, merged, mixed, mutual, shared, synergetic, unified, united
Associated concepts: joint account, joint action, joint advennure, joint and several liability, joint enterprise, joint interrst, joint liability, joint negligence, joint ownership, joint resolution, joint tenancy, joint tort feasors
See also: collective, common, concerted, concomitant, concordant, concurrent, conjoint, connection, consensual, federal, intersection, mutual, united

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
The anatomic HHT was measured from the anatomic neck plane to the apex of the articular surface.
Follow-up radiographs may demonstrate some progressive articular surface change with lucent subchondral focus (stage 3).
The grandfather-of-two had the articular surface replacement hip in 2006 after years of wear and tear on his joint.
DePuy promoted its Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) MoM device as a "breakthrough design" that would last 15 years (like comparable devices) or longer.
The collagen leaves extend perpendicularly from the bony surface and curve 90 degrees until they are approximately horizontal or parallel to the bone at the articular surface.
In this technique, a biologic graft was used to resurface the articular surface of the hip joint and consequently, to reduce the side effects of other surgical procedures.
We dislocated the patella laterally to expose the articular surface of the patellar groove of femur bone.
Damage to Type II Collagen in Aging and Osteoarthritis Starts at the Articular Surface, Originates Around Chondrocytes and Extends into the Cartilage with Progressive Degeneration," J.
Near the articular surface, the PG concentration is relatively low, while the water content is the highest in the tissue.
A grade 1 meniscal lesion was considered to be punctate focal hyperintensity not contiguous with an articular surface; grade 2 was defined as a linear intra-meniscal hyperintensity with articular surface extension; grade 3 was a tear that reached one articular surface; and grade 4 was defined as a complex meniscal tear involving the upper or lower articular surface.
2r Talus: maximum length 50r Tales: articular surface length 32r 33.
We tend to concentrate on mechanical injuries, such as ligament or cartilage ruptures, or articular surface injuries, and perhaps we do not give enough attention to the less common but potentially catastrophic medical disorders sometimes associated with unusual physical exertion.