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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Considering only linear correlations greater than 0.9 between the direct (non-normalized) measurements, both males (r = 0.99) and females (r = 0.99) had a positive correlation between humeral head diameter (humeral dimension #1) and humeral head articular surface area.
Persistent physes of the proximal tibia may be prone to stress fracture and subsequent collapse of the articular surface and may benefit from resection and fixation when recognized in active duty soldiers and athletes.
At the time of left total knee arthroplasty, with the exposure of knee, the findings were remarkable for the presence of a white, chalky paste that covered all articular surfaces (Figs.
We believe that the shape of the distal articular surface of the first metatarsal plays a role in the formation and development of hallux valgus.
As our study shows, the macroscopic observation of the superior articular surface of tibia and femoral condyle in all patients revealed that most patients had mild scores (1 and 2).
Although the cartilage tissue covering the articular surface has a big area, it is indeed relatively thin.
Because of remaining ulnar tilt of the proximal phalangeal distal articular surface with or without rotation, the distal part of the little finger cannot touch the ulnar side of the ring finger in the fully extended and adducted finger position, although the proximal parts of the fingers can touch.
This bone not just articulates with the thigh bone, it also covers the knee joint's anterior articular surface. Patella is the largest sesamoid bone in the human body (sesamoid bone refers to any bone that's embedded inside a muscle or a tendon).
Using MRI, we defined the length of tumor as the distance from the articular surface to the boundary between abnormal and normal marrow signal.
The drill was made just anterior to articular surface of proximal fragment and parallel proximally directed.
The menisci are two cartilaginous structures that deepen the proximal articular surface of the tibia (1-3).
fourth phalanx (claw phalanx); 7, articular surface; 8, tuberculum flexorium.