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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pneumatic actuator is affixed to the articulated joint of AFO with a moment arm.
The innovative trait of the floating truss platform is the inherent elasticity of the truss, created from the articulated joints of the water-tight buoyant members, which disperses-diffuses any loads with only axial force loading of truss members.
The implant is a complex part - involving articulated joints, cavities to promote muscle attachment and grooves to direct the regrowth of nerves and veins.
The slide of rodless cylinder was connected with fixed base by means of articulated joints of U cardan and the end cap of cylinder were connected by revolute joint R to the moving platform.
The model took 18 months to make and has fully articulated joints and life-like plastic cyber skin.
The musculoskeletal system includes muscle, bone, articulated joints, cartilage, tendon, and ligament.
Both parka and pant have double layered and articulated joints for flex and durability.