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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
(22.) <<In iustificatione imputetur (sive rectius loquendo) [participetur et] communicetur nobis iustitia Christi quoniam efficimur eius membra et ex capite in membra derivetur virtus gratiae>> (Articulus de iustificatione, ed.
By signing the Joint Declaration, the Lutherans have in fact abandoned their centuries-old conviction that the doctrine of justification is the articulus stantis et cadentis ecclesiae and have given in to an incessant Roman pressure to accept a plurality of basic criteria, primarily of an ecclesiological nature, by which doctrinal opinions are to be judged.
Barr shows how Barth's own Gifford Lectures (The Knowledge of God and the Service of God according to the Teaching of the Reformation, London 1938) dismissed natural theology with a vigour not genuinely derived from the Reformers to whom he appealed, and set up rejection of natural theology as a new articulus stantis et cadentis ecclesiae.
Tras la Declaracion sobre la doctrina de la justificacion de 1999 firmada ya por luteranos, metodistas, reformados, anglicanos y catolicos, el articulus stantis et cadentis Ecclesiae puede ser entendido de un modo univoco, si bien con distintos y legitimos acentos.
(31) In I Sententiarum, distinctio 4, sectio A, articulus 2, solutio in ed.
This provisional dimension is ably articulated by Aquinas who defined the articulus fidei as perceptio divinae veritatis tendens in ipsam.
The continuing discussion on this point has been evident in discussions hosted by the Institute for Ecumenical Research in Strasbourg, where it was evident that the very concept of an articulus stantis et cadentis ecclesiae was not one that found resonance in either the Anglican or the Reformed traditions.