Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

ATHEIST. One who denies the existence of God.
     2. As atheists have not any religion that can bind their consciences to speak the truth, they are excluded from being witnesses. Bull. N. P. 292; 1 Atk. 40; Gilb. Ev. 129; 1 Phil. Ev. 19. See also, Co. Litt. 6 b.; 2 Inst. 606; 3 Inst. 165; Willes, R. 451 Hawk. B. 2, c. 46, s. 148; 2 Hale's P. C. 279.

References in classic literature ?
And certainly it is little better, when atheists, and profane persons, do hear of so many discordant, and contrary opinions in religion; it doth avert them from the church, and maketh them, to sit down in the chair of the scorners.
The atheist spoke in a tone that, coming from him, was quite startlingly respectful, and even, as it were, huskily sympathetic.
Oh, don't say anything," cried the atheist cobbler, dancing about in an ecstasy of admiration of the English legal system.
But he nodded rather eagerly, being only too ready to explain the Gothic splendours to someone more likely to be sympathetic than the Presbyterian blacksmith or the atheist cobbler.
I'm all on the side of the French soldiers like Dubosc, and I'm all against the French atheists like Hirsch; but it seems to me in this case we've made a mistake.
Promises, covenants, and oaths, which are the bonds of human society, can have no hold upon an atheist," he wrote.
He claims that "atheism did not murder 53 people on the London underground", but what about atheist regimes under Hitler, Stalin or Pol Pot in Cambodia?
If you're an atheist, you might want to keep that to yourself - if you want people to trust you - a new study suggests.
Ryan Jean, an intelligence officer at Fort Meade in Maryland who describes himself as an atheist, to gain recognition as a lay leader assisting a chaplain in ministering to the troops.
It would be wonderful to see a really serious atheist and a Christian of greater depth engage in a conversation that would show both their common ground and the real points of divergence.
The Rt Rev John Davies, Bishop of the Church in Wales diocese of Swansea and Brecon, said outspoken atheists had "little grasp" of how stories told in the Bible came about, adding: "One of the great falsehoods perpetrated by the aggressive atheist lobby is that our faith is without foundation and that, in effect, it's all made up.
A sampling: The Truth Behind the New Atheism; Beyond the God Delusion; God Is No Delusion: A Refutation of Richard Dawkins; Why Richard Dawkins is Wrong About God; The God Solution; The New Atheist Crusaders and Their Unholy Grail: The Misguided Quest to Destroy Your Faith; A Confutation of the New Atheism; The Devil's Delusion: Atheism and its Scientific Pretensions; Answering the New Atheists: The Noncase Against God, and Atheism Remix: A Christian Confronts the New Atheists.