hallucination

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Related to Auditory hallucinations: schizophrenia
See: figment, insanity, phantom

HALLUCINATION, med. jur. It is a species of mania, by which "an idea reproduced by the memory is associated and embodied by the imagination." This state of mind is sometimes called delusion or waking dreams.
     2. An attempt has been made to distinguish hallucinations from illusions; the former are said to be dependent on the state of the intellectual organs and, the latter, on that of those of sense. Ray, Med. Jur. Sec. 99; 1 Beck, med. Jur. 538, note. An instance is given of a temporary hallucination in the celebrated Ben Johnson, the poet. He told a friend of his that he had spent many a night in looking at his great toe, about which he had seen Turks and Tartars, Romans and Carthagenians, fight, in his imagination. 1 Coll. on Lun. 34. If, instead of being temporary, this affection of his mind had been permanent, he would doubtless have been considered insane. See, on the subject of spectral illusions, Hibbert, Alderson and Farrar's Essays; Scott on Demonology, &c.; Bostock's Physiology, vol. 3, p. 91, 161; 1 Esquirol, Maladies Mentales, 159.

References in periodicals archive ?
He adds: "Our study provides early evidence that avatar therapy rapidly improves auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia, reducing their frequency and how distressing they are, compared to a type of counselling.
This study, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal, involved 150 patients in Britain who had had schizophrenia for around 20 years and who had been experiencing persistent and distressing auditory hallucinations for more than a year.
She described active multiple auditory hallucinations that commanded her to kill herself and suggested multiple means (e.
Further high quality RCTs with large sample sizes are needed to assess the efficacy of tDCS for auditory hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia.
sup][7],[8] In our reported case, her morbid jealousy improved significantly after excision of the extra-axial tumor in the orbitofrontal region of the left frontal lobe, while her other psychiatric symptoms including auditory hallucinations and delusions of persecution and being watched improved with antipsychotic treatment.
Isolated cases of clozapine-induced joint visual and auditory hallucinations have been reported.
The psychiatrist Louis Gould wanted to know whether auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia have anything to do with the phenomenon of subvocal speech.
In conclusion, formed complex auditory hallucinations without cognitive and psychiatric impairment should strongly be indicative of MES for clinicians.
General diagnostic criteria of schizophrenia imposed by ICD 10 plead for the presence of a continuous symptom or two or more symptoms within the first four criteria if such symptoms are vague (thought echo, insertion, thought broadcasting, delusional perception and delusions of control; influence or passivity; auditory hallucinations of voices commenting the patient; persistent inadequate delusions of other kinds) or at least two symptoms of the last five diagnostic groups (persistent hallucinations accompanied by delusions--which may be fleeting or half-formed--, breaks or interpolations in the train of thought, catatonic behaviour, negative symptoms, significant and intense alteration in the global functionality of the patient), for at least a month.
Explanatory theories of auditory hallucinations have evolved from perceptualist to cognitive (Aleman & Larni, 2008) to the most recent proposals that postulate that voices may be considered a phenomenon with a dissociative basis (Moskowitz & Corstens, 2008).
Zapata's symptoms, which included both delusions and auditory hallucinations, were consistent with the stated diagnosis.
Stephen Thornton, defending, told the court: "Since the age of 14, he has been suffering from auditory hallucinations, the most influential of which was The Joker.