Morrison is not only analogizing the Babylonian captivity
of the Jews to the condition of African Americans in a racist nation.
Further, the head of the Colonna family fled to France, made common cause with King Philip IV, and helped him in the invasion of Italy that led to the arrest of Boniface at Anagni and the beginning of the Babylonian Captivity
Written at the beginning of the 2nd century, the text known as 4 Baruch (or Paraleipomena Jeremiou) reflects the situation in Palestine on the eve of the Bar-Kokhba War by retelling the story of the Babylonian captivity
of the Jewish people.
Lewine also proposes a number of other interpretive insights, including a new identification of the highly enigmatic sacrificial scene in the foreground of the Temptations of Christ as Nehemiah's purification of the Temple after the Babylonian Captivity
insists that "the Babylonian captivity
of piety and of theological reflection will fall away only when the very contents that they are attempting to comprehend do away with them" (49).
See Luther's The Babylonian Captivity
of the Church of 1520, LW 36:11-126, esp.
Students viewed artefacts from biblical times, including the 2500-year old Cyrus cylinder which tells of the release of the Jews from Babylonian captivity
by Cyrus the Great of Persia around 539 BCE.
The Babylonian Captivity
of the Church," LW 36,86: "As to the current practice of private confession, I am heartily in favor of it, even though it cannot be proved from the Scriptures.
Here Babylon stands for oppression and exile, a meaning that comes directly from the Old Testament, Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonian captivity
of the Jews.
Jews have not forgotten the Babylonian captivity
and the Iranians have not forgotten the battle of Qadisiyah that led to the destruction of the Persian Empire.
Reassuring those who feared that they could not continue their relationship with God in exile, God explains, "ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart" The Babylonian captivity
is thus the origin of Judaism as a law-based religion that can be practiced anywhere, rather than a sacrificial cult focused on the sacred temple.
Nebuchadnezzar II is featured in the Bible's Book of Daniel, and Psalm 137 laments the Babylonian Captivity