In the quarter-century following the publication of "The Babylonian Captivity
of the Church," a movement that originated from the Roman Catholic Church became a series of churches separated from Rome.
After all, Luther concluded in The Babylonian Captivity
of the Church: "For it is not possible to believe unless there is a promise, and the promise is not established unless it is believed.
Luther explains in the "The Babylonian Captivity
of the Church":
Chapter 2 addresses the reactions of saints and visionaries to the so-called Babylonian captivity
and the call for a return of the papacy to Rome from the 1360s to the beginning of the schism through the writings of Pedro of Aragon, Birgitta of Sweden, and Catherine of Siena, the latter of whom reveals an intriguing protonationalistic view of the schism (51).
It chronicles centuries of conflict involving Arabs, Byzantines, and the Hunnish horsemen of the Asian plains, but the main Persian actors are not the Assyrians who figure in the Old Testament's Babylonian captivity
, but the Sasanians, the post-Alexandrine power that outdid Rome in extirpating the Parthians as a military force.
The result was a historical period of great significance--the Babylonian captivity
of the Jews.
In their own sufferings as a persecuted minority, Jansenists also saw themselves like the Jews in Babylonian captivity
, and like the crucified Christ.
Jewish history is sprinkled with examples of intense assimilation, perhaps beginning with the Babylonian captivity
and including the interaction between Jews and non-Jews in Spain before 1492.
19] During the dismal period of their Babylonian captivity
, the Hebrew peoples quite understandably could have lo st their enthusiasm to sing happy songs of Zion and, in the interest of their own safety, also may not have publicly sung songs of protest and struggle for liberation from Babylon.
Persia overran three continents, from Egypt to Greece to India, spreading these beliefs and values far and wide, including, most prophetically for later Western civilization, to the ancient Hebrews during the Babylonian Captivity
is becoming a problem of biblical proportions, like the Babylonian captivity
, we are going to need a religious solution.
Major, Works: Lectures on Romans (1515-16), The Ninety-five Theses (1517), An Address to the Nobility of the German Nation (1520), The Babylonian Captivity
of the Church (1520), On the Liberty of a Christian Man (1520), On Good Works (1520), On the Bondage of the Will (1525)