capital

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capital

1) n. from Latin for caput, meaning "head," the basic assets of a business (particularly corporations or partnerships) or of an individual, including actual funds, equipment and property as distinguished from stock in trade, inventory, payroll, maintenance and services. 2) adj. related to the basic assets or activities of a business or individual, such as capital account, capital assets, capital expenditure, and capital gain or loss. 3) n. an amount of money a person owns, as in "how much capital do you have to put into this investment?" as distinguished from the amount which must be financed. (See: capital account, capital assets, capital gains or losses, stock in trade)

capital

noun assets, available means, balances, bank annuities, belongings, caput, cash supplies, credits, economic resources, finances, financial provision, financial resources, funds, funds for investment, funds in hand, holdings, income, investment portfolio, investments, line of credit, liquid assets, money, pecuniary resources, property, ready cash, receipts, reserves, resources, revenue, savings, sors, working assets
Associated concepts: authorized capital, capital account, capital assets, capital budget, capital case, capital construccion, capital contribution, capital crime, capital expenditure, capital gains, capital gains tax, capital improvement, capiial in a corporation, capital investment, capital loss, capital of a state, capital offense, capital outlay, capital paid-in, capital project, capital punishment, capital reserve, capital stock, capital surplus, circulating capital, distribution of capptal, equity capital, fixed capital, floating capital, impairrent of capital, reduction of capital, return of capital, stated capital, working capital
Foreign phrases: Excusat aut extenuat delictum in capitallbus quod non operatur idem in civilibus.That excuses or extenuates a wrong in capital cases which would not have the same effect in civil suits.
See also: assets, basic, cardinal, cash, central, deadly, essential, fund, important, leading, master, material, monetary, money, possessions, premium, prime, principal, resource, salient, seat, securities, security, select, share, stellar, stock, substance, treasury

CAPITAL, political economy, commerce. In political economy, it is that portion of the produce of a country, which may be made directly available either to support the human species or to the facilitating of production.
     2. In commerce, as applied to individuals, it is those objects, whether consisting of money or other property, which a merchant, trader, or other person adventures in an undertaking, or which he contributes to the common stock of a partnership. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1458.
     3. It signifies money put out at interest.
     4. The fund of a trading company or corporation is also called capital, but in this sense the word stock is generally added to it; thus we say the capital stock of the Bank of North America.

References in periodicals archive ?
The simultaneous equations model is appropriate in case of a simultaneity bias between bank lending and bank capital.
It may be supposed that bank capital regulation prevents banks from refinancing poor projects and hardens the budget constraints of firms.
Within the regulatory framework, bank capital is an important line of defense for creditors and depositors, as well as for the deposit insurance fund.
The other bank specific variables like return on assets, size of the bank and liquidity have also the significant impact on the determination of bank capital buffer.
There are at least two theoretically distinct ways in which the level of bank capital can change the impact of monetary shocks on bank lending: through the traditional bank lending channel, also discussed in this volume by Lown and Morgan (2002), and through a more direct mechanism that can be described as a "bank capital channel.
Neither McDonough nor the other officials involved in the new accord are under any misapprehension that a more sophisticated accord on bank capital standards is going to make the world safe from financial crises.
This potential for loss and bank capital depletion is another reason for urging that the new activities be conducted in a holding company affiliate rather than in a banking subsidiary.
China Bank Capital plans to acquire and rebrand an existing stock brokerage.
Global regulators on the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision have warned that calls to reduce bank capital are 'myopic.
Country: , USASector: Banking/Financial ServicesTarget: The Biltmore Bank of Arizona, Bank Capital CorporationBuyer: Grandpoint Capital IncType: Corporate acquisitionStatus: Agreed
Bank capital, though, is a complex subject, and there are a variety of capital measures and related ratios, all measuring slightly different things.
Since 1988, under terms of the Basel Accord (now known as Basel I), national bank regulators have imposed bank capital regulations, both in the form of a traditional leverage requirement and 'risk-based' requirements relating measures of bank capital to a 'risk-weighted' measure of total assets.