lesion

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Related to Bankart lesion: Slap lesion

lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
(72) examined the influence of arm position on reduction of the Bankart lesion. Of four positions tests, shoulder abduction and 60[degrees] of external rotation was the best position of immobilization, this was followed closely by abduction and 30[degrees] of external rotation.
Wambacher, "The antero-inferior (transmuscular) approach for arthroscopic repair of the Bankart lesion: an anatomic and clinical study," Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery, vol.
(14) Nicola (15) suggested from a cadaveric study that the articular capsule is torn from the humerus as a result of 105 degrees of hyper-abduction and external rotation, whereas a Bankart lesion occurs as a result of hyper-abduction and impaction.
Rotator cuff tears are often diagnosed as concommitant injuries with SLAP and/or Bankart Lesions (11).
TUBS and AMBRI are the acronyms, where TUBS stand for traumatic, unidirectional instability, Bankart lesion and surgery, which is the mainstay of the treatment.
Bankart lesions are caused by the collision of the humeral head with the anteroinferior glenoid during forceful abduction, extension and external rotation of the humerus.
Quantitative assessment of classic anteroinferior bony Bankart lesions by radiography and computed tomography.
Patients with Post traumatic Bankart lesion as detected per-operatively by arthroscopy.
The osseous defects and Bankart lesion were evaluated preoperatively using plain radiographs, CT scan and MR imaging.
It reattaches the anterior capsule to the anterior glenoid fossa in a layer-by-layer fashion, thus repairing the Bankart lesion. The Putti-Platt shortens the subscapularis, thus protecting the anterior rim by reinforcing the muscles and limiting external rotation.
Amongst the bankart lesions found in total of 14 patients, osseous bankart lesion was found to be the most common, seen in 5 patients followed by soft tissue bankart lesion found in 4 patients.
A Bankart lesion, an avulsion of the capsulolabral complex from the glenoid rim, is reported to occur in 80-97% of anterior shoulder dislocations.