Bargain and sale
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BARGAIN AND SALE, conveyancing, contracts. A contract in writing to convey
lands to another person; or rather it is the sale of a use therein. In
strictness it is not an absolute conveyance of the seisin, as a feoffment.
Watk. Prin. Conv. by Preston, 190, 191. The consideration must be of money
or money's worth. Id. 237.
2. In consequence of this conveyance a use arises to a bargainee, and the statute 27 Henry VIII. immediately transfers the20legal estate and possession to him.
3. A bargain and sale, may be in fee, for life, or for years.
4. The proper and technical words of this conveyance are bargain and sale, but any other words that would have been sufficient to raise a use, upon a valuable consideration, before the statute, are now sufficient to constitute a good bargain and sale. Proper words of limitation must, however, be inserted. Cruise Dig. tit. 32, c. 9; Bac. Ab. h. t. Com. Dig. h. t.; and the cases there cited; Nels. Ab. h. t. 2 Bl. Com. 338.
5. This is the most common mode of conveyance in the United States. 4 Kent, Com. 483; 3 Pick. R. 529; 3 N. H. Rep. 260; 6 Harr. & John. 465; 3 Wash. C. C. Rep. 376; 4 Mass. R. 66; 4 Yeates, R. 295; 1 Yeates, R. 828; 3 John. R. 388; 4 Cowen's R. 325; 10 John. R. 456, 505; 3 N. H. Rep. 261; 14 John. R. 126; 2 Harr. & John. 230; 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 207 7 8.