Battel

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Battel

Physical combat engaged in by an accuser and accused to resolve their differences, usually involving a serious crime or ownership of land. It was recognized by the English king from the eleventh to seventeenth centuries.

Trial by battel was introduced into England by William the Conqueror. It was based upon the belief that the winner of the battle, which was tried by God, was the party who was in the right in the dispute.

BATTEL, in French Bataille; Old English law. An ancient and barbarous mode of trial, by Bingle combat, called wager of battel, where, in appeals of felony, the @appellee might fight with the appellant to prove his innocence. It was also used in affairs of chivalry or honor, and upon civil cases upon certain issues. Co. Litt. 294. Till lately it disgraced the English code. This mode of trial was abolished in England by stat. 59 Geo.,III. c. 46.
     2. This mode of trial was not peculiar to England. The emperor Otho, A. D. 983, held a diet at Verona, at which several sovereigns and great lords of Italy, Germany and France were present. In order to put a stop to the frequent perjuries in judicial trials, this diet substituted in all cases, even in those which followed the course of the Roman law, proof by combat for proof by oath. Henrion de Pansey, Auth. Judic. Introd. c. 3; and for a detailed account of this mode of trial see Herb. Antiq. of the Inns of Court, 119-145.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to James Wright's retrospective account in 1699, the Red Bull was "mostly frequented by citizens, and the meaner sort of people," (4) a group perhaps best placated by nostalgic tales, visual effects, and the exploits of larger-than-life classical heroes--audiences who enjoyed nothing but "drums, Trumpets, Battels and Hero's," according to that theater's detractors.
Holland Battels (1990) stated that the continuous addition of large quantities of fine sediment in the upper Mississippi River may cause a reduction in the current bivalve fauna, especially if it is substituted by fine sediment particles, reducing the diversity of particle sizes.
The Imbellicke peasant, when hee comes first to the field, shakes at the report of a Musket: but after he hath rang'd thorow the furie of two or three Battels, he then can fearelesse stand a breach; and dares, vndaunted, gaze death in the face.
British Battels Ltd, Granville Way, Bicester, Oxon 0X26 4JT Tel: 01869 247038 Fax: 01863 242979 e-mail bakels@bakels.
Indiana University is using an Assessment Center to measure learning in seven qualitative skill areas: decision-making, initiative, leadership, planning, organizing, teamwork and oral communication (Bommer, Rubin, and Battels, 2005).
Battels is a term for college expenses at which institution?
For some theoretical background, see for instance, [4] and the references therein; for solving the Sylvester equation, one of the most popular methods is due to Battels and Stewart [3], which is based on the Schur decomposition of matrices.
But they shall be allow'd to carry off with them, and cause to be carry'd off, such as have been brought thither from other parts after the taking of the Places, or have been taken in Battels, with all the Carriages of War, and what belongs thereunto'.
Redemption brings "libertie and freedome from iniquitie," but in response to the "some" who "might say, we are cleansed already," Hooker declares our commitment to the "fight," our need to "wage the battels of the Lord.
Octavius] hearing these newes [of Antony's death], straight withdrewe himselfe into a secret place of his tent, and there burst out with teares, lamenting his hard and miserable fortune, that had bene his friend and brother in law, his equall in the Empire, and companion with him in sundry great exploits and battels.
The lenger life, I wote the greater sin, The greater sin, the greater punishment: All those great battels, which thou boasts to win, Through strife, and bloud-shed, and auengement, Now praysd, hereafter deare thou shalt repent: For life must life, and bloud must bloud repay.