bias

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Related to Bias voltage: bias current, Quiescent point, operating point

Bias

A predisposition or a preconceived opinion that prevents a person from impartially evaluating facts that have been presented for determination; a prejudice.

A judge who demonstrates bias in a hearing over which he or she presides has a mental attitude toward a party to the litigation that hinders the judge from supervising fairly the course of the trial, thereby depriving the party of the right to a fair trial. A judge may Recuse himself or herself to avoid the appearance of bias.

If, during the Voir Dire, a prospective juror indicates bias toward either party in a lawsuit, the juror can be successfully challenged for cause and denied a seat on the jury.

bias

n. the predisposition of a judge, arbitrator, prospective juror, or anyone making a judicial decision, against or in favor of one of the parties or a class of persons. This can be shown by remarks, decisions contrary to fact, reason or law, or other unfair conduct. Bias can be toward an ethnic group, homosexuals, women or men, defendants or plaintiffs, large corporations, or local parties. Getting a "hometown" decision is a form of bias which is the bane of the out-of-town lawyer. There is also the subtle bias of some male judges in favor of pretty women. Obvious bias is a ground for reversal on appeal, but it is hard to prove, since judges are usually careful to display apparent fairness in their comments. The possibility of juror bias is explored in questioning at the beginning of trial in a questioning process called "voir dire." (See: voir dire, hometowned)

bias

noun bigotry, disinclination, disposition, foregone conclusion, inclinatio, inclination, jaundice, partiality, partisanism, partisanship, preapprehension, preconceived idea, preconception, predetermination, predilection, predisposition, preference, prejudgment, prejudication, prejudice, prenotion, proclivity, proneness, propensio animi, propensity, susceptibility, trend, undetachment
Associated concepts: actual bias, bias of mind
See also: bait, choice, discrimination, dispose, disposition, favor, favoritism, inclination, inequality, inequity, influence, injustice, intolerance, lure, nepotism, partiality, penchant, point of view, position, preconception, predetermination, predilection, predisposition, preference, prejudice, proclivity, propensity, slant, stand, tendency

BIAS. A particular influential power which sways the judgment; the inclination or propensity of the mind towards a particular object.
     2. Justice requires that the judge should have no bias for or against any individual; and that his mind should be perfectly free to act as the law requires.
     3. There is, however, one kind of bias which the courts suffer to influence them in their judgments it is a bias favorable to a class of cases, or persons, as distinguished from an individual case or person. A few examples will explain this. A bias is felt on account of convenience. 1 Ves. sen. 13, 14; 3 Atk. 524. It is also felt in favor of the heir at law, as when there is an heir on one side and a mere volunteer on the other. Willes, R. 570 1 W. Bl. 256; Amb. R. 645; 1 Ball & B. 309 1 Wils. R. 310 3 Atk. 747 Id. 222. On the other hand, the court leans against double portions for children; M'Clell. R. 356; 13 Price, R. 599 against double provisions, and double satisfactions; 3 Atk. R. 421 and against forfeitures. 3 T. R. 172. Vide, generally, 1 Burr. 419 1 Bos. & Pull. 614; 3 Bos. & Pull. 456 Ves. jr. 648 Jacob, Rep. 115; 1 Turn. & R. 350.

References in periodicals archive ?
This coupling between charge and orientation has a dramatic effect on the electron flow across the molecule, manifested by a large conductance gap at low bias voltages.
As the bias voltage increased, the proportionality changes such that m is [greater than or equal to] 2.
This structure provides a stable bias voltage for the Ptsi detector, which is quite important, since it directly affects the performance and noise of the Ptsi detectors.
The proposed new LWA is capable of continuous scanning-beam by tuning bias voltage [V.
By using the proper test system, precise tests can be done to determine the effects of voltage level, frequency of the alternating voltage and bias voltage.
One is that filaments peaked too high require more bias voltage to control the beam current.
The new patent pending "HyperGear" technology dynamically adjusts the CPU voltage, peripheral bias voltage, and CPU clocking frequency based on the CPU usage demand and can provide more than 10% efficiency improvement while simultaneously boosting CPU performance.
1 ]LDO characteristics for the new series by adopting an external bias voltage terminal (VBAT) that is separated from the power source input.
The subject of procurement is the delivery of bipolar pulsed power supplies for TruPlasma 4010 Bipolar pulse magnetron sputtering of one or two targets at a repetition rate up to 50 kHz (two targets) and 100 kHz (one target) and bipolar pulsed electrical source TruPlasma Bias 4003 for the generation of bipolar pulsed bias voltage on the substrate, all incl.
The capacitance versus temperature (C-T) measured at 1 kHz, without applied dc bias voltage is shown in Fig.
The AT60142FT is a 5V tolerant variant of the AT60142F and offers an interface with signals coming from 5-Volt biased chips, while keeping the memory bias voltage at 3.