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Related to Biological sex: pansexual, gender identity
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SEX. The physical difference between male and female in animals.
     2. In the human species the male is called man, (q.v.) and the female, woman. (q.v.) Some human beings whose sexual organs are somewhat imperfect, have acquired the name of hermaphrodite. (q.v.)
     3. In the civil state the sex creates a difference among individuals. Women cannot generally be elected or appointed to offices or service in public capacities. In this our law agrees with that of other nations. The civil law excluded women from all offices civil or public: Faemintae ab omnibus officiis civilibus vel publicis remotae sunt. Dig. 50, 17, 2. The principal reason of this exclusion is to encourage that modesty which is natural to the female sex, and which renders them unqualified to mix and contend with men; the pretended weakness of the sex is not probably the true reason. Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 5; Wood's Inst. 12; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 24; 1 Beck's Med. Juris. 94. Vide Gender; Male; Man; Women; Worthiest of blood.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ms McAlpine said that her committee is yet to consider the 2021 Census Order or the guidance, but added that during the consideration of arguments while the Bill was being debated, it was "argued by statisticians and data users that it is important to recognise biological sex in order to plan services such as health and to understand discrimination, because sex is a protected characteristic in the Equality Act."
Some of the differences in mortality rates and life expectancy are due to biological sex differences.
It begins with the deceivingly complex world of biological sex and moves into recent queer activist history and modern-day struggles before it expands its scope to encompass media studies and international trans issues.
Sexologist John Money was the first who introduced the terminological distinction between biological sex and gender as a role in 1955.
Although these two types of infidelity appear on the surface to be straightforward, several studies have suggested that gender identity, biological sex, culture, ethnicity, relationship status, prior experiences with infidelity, personality type, and sexual orientation can also influence whether an individual considers a particular act as constituting infidelity (Kandler & Riemann, 2013; Thornton & Nagurney, 2011; Treas & Giesen, 2000).
There is a distinction between biological sex and gender as a role: gender role is the manner in which individuals express their status in the society, (17) as societal attitudes affect gender, gender roles, and gender role expectations.
And a federal judge in Oregon appointed by Obama ruled that the insanity must continue, saying that to "see or be seen by someone of the opposite biological sex while either are undressing or performing bodily functions in a restroom, shower, or locker room does not give rise to a constitutional violation."
Kainat Murad filed the petition saying she suffers from gender dysphoria, a condition in which the feelings of one's biological and psychological identity is opposite to one's biological sex and therefore, she has problems like depression, anxiety and insomnia, which could only be treated through the SRS.
"I went into this work fully expecting to see an effect of biological sex on the part of the observer in facial recognition-and we did not find any.
The new policy effectively implements the original ban "by targeting proxies of transgender status, such as 'gender dysphoria' and 'gender transition,' and by requiring all service members to serve 'in their biological sex,'" she wrote in Monday's ruling.
Gender identity--one's sense of self as predicated by societal and cultural norms, in terms of gender expression, and usually matches one's biological sex.

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