Birth

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BIRTH. The act of being wholly brought into the world. The whole body must be detached from that of the mother, in order to make the birth complete. 5 C. & P. 329; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 344 6 C. & P. 349; S. C. 25 E. C. L. R. 433.
     2. But if a child be killed with design and maliciously after it has wholly come forth from the body of the mother, although still connected with her by means of the umbilical cord, it seems that such killing will be murder. 9 C. & P. 25 S . C. 38 E. C. L. R. 21; 7 C. & P. 814. Vide articles Breath; Dead Born; Gestation; Life; and 1 Beck' s Med. Jur. 478, et seq.; 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 438; 7 C. & P. 814; 1 Carr. & Marsh. 650; S. C. 41 E. C. L. R. 352; 9 C. & P. 25.
     3. It seems that unless the child be born alive, it is not properly a birth, but a carriage. 1 Chit. Pr. 35, note z. But see Russ. & Ry. C. C. 336.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although the gap between namesaked and uniquely named individuals was greatest for first-born male children (see Table 1), We failed to replicate the finding that birth order is a statistically significant factor in the namesaking of boys (McAndrew, et al., 2002), very likely due to the small (N = 47) number of male participants in our sample.
If parents are aware of how birth order affects personality, they can raise their kids differently and maybe break the cycle.
Therefore, an examination of birth order in a community sample of girls may help clarify the possible relationship between gender variance and only child status as well as whether gender variance is associated with fewer older brothers.
We augmented the education results by examining earnings, whether full-time employed, and whether one had a child as a teenager as additional outcome variables, and found strong evidence for birth order effects, particularly for women.
Birth order emerges as a highly significant variable, with the second birth being 31 percent more hazardous (p = 0.000) than the first birth, the third birth being 17 percent more hazardous than the first (p = 0.001), and fourth or later births being 31 percent more hazardous (p = 0.001).
"This will put more pressure on the birth order effects as they have such serious repercussions for the future monarchy."
Post hoc test for group comparison, using the least significance difference, was computed to see the mean differences among four groups of birth order. The results suggested that mindfulness was low in a single child.
Analysis of various factors associated with infection or sepsis revealed that 19.61% neonates of the birth order 3 or more developed infection/sepsis as compared to 8.03% neonates of birth order one or two.
Such as, Gabriel (2015) in their study demonstrated an association between birth order and procrastination with last born scoring high on procrastination.
It began with broad questions regarding perceived differences between participant's children and progressed towards questions around explanations for these differences and perceived importance of birth order. This was piloted with one person who met the inclusion criteria as no amendments to the schedule were identified as necessary; the data from this interview were used in the study.
The current study aims to provide a more in-depth understanding of how the adult sibling relationship differs from that of childhood and adolescence, and what factors influence perceptions of the relationship (e.g., birth order).