alderman

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ALDERMAN. An officer, generally appointed or elected in towns corporate, or cities, possessing various powers in different places.
     2. The aldermen of the cities of Pennsylvania, possess all the powers and jurisdictions civil and criminal of justices of the peace. They are besides, in conjunction with the respective mayors or recorders, judges of the mayor's courts.
     3. Among the Saxons there was an officer called the ealderman. ealdorman, or aldernwn, which appellation signified literally elderman. Like the Roman senator, he was so called, not on account of his age, but because of his wisdom and dignity, non propter oetatem sed propter sapientism et dignitatem. He presided with the bishop at the scyregemote, and was, ex officio, a member of the witenagemote. At one time he was a military officer, but afterwards his office was purely judicial.
     4. There were several kinds of aldermen, as king's aldermen, aldermen of all England, aldermen of the county, aldermen of the hundred, &c., to denote difference of rank and jurisdiction.

References in periodicals archive ?
Following in his brother's footsteps, Steven entered local politics and ultimately joined Michael on the board of alderman in 1979 (Steven being the youngest board member in history).
Notes: An Optional Pre-Bid Conference will be held on November 23, 2015 at 11:30 AM in Somerville City Hall Board of Alderman Chamber.
Some actions by the Board of Alderman and the administration of the City of Branson were questionable, concludes Gary J.
Officials are examining a number of cost-saving measures to offset the decrease in revenues, and the board of alderman will vote on the budget in early June.

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