Fire

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Fire

The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.

References in periodicals archive ?
We love dragons here and publish many titles which include them, along with examples of them breathing fire.
By now I knew for sure that Breathing Fire was not going to get up' Eammon, Jesse's head lad, had departed without the horse, a tell-tale sign.
RYAN'S TIPS: 2.00 Breathing Fire (e/w), 2.35 Powerstation (e/w), 3.15 Beef Or Salmon, 4.40 Tiger Cry (e/w)
One of the guests at the launch of a new pounds 200,000 Indian restaurant was breathing fire.
The Red Dragons were breathing fire as they took a 30th minute lead through Craig Faulconbridge and, despite seeing Steve Thomas' penalty saved by Bart Griemink, looked to have the match sewn up when captain Brian Carey marked his 300th appearance for the club with a headed goal after 73 minutes.
I'm sure we'll grow sick of them in time but for now the Stereophonics are breathing fire. Tickets go on sale tomorrow.
LAHORE -- Deputy Secretary General, Jamaat e Islami, Dr Farid Ahmed Piracha has said that the British government was indirectly involved in the target killings and hijacking of elections in Karachi as it was providing protection to a citizen who was breathing fire from London and inciting his followers to bloodshed in the port city.
THE Royal Navy's latest warship was launched yesterday - breathing fire from her bows.
With Flynn breathing fire centre stage, and legendary guitarist Phil Demmel showing the nimble-fingered dexterity of a Saville Row tailor, Machine Head served up an evening of mindblowing blistering intensity that turned the floor into a sweltering mass of fist-pumping mayhem.
Wouldn't it be great if, on the opening day of the Test Mach, there was a sculpture or other representation of a Welsh dragon breathing fire over the pavilion?
The atmosphere will be fantastic and they will be breathing fire into our players.
SIR - I remember reading somewhere about a suggestion to construct a 50ft-high Welsh-made iron dragon breathing fire while greeting motorists as they drove into Wales across the M4 toll bridges.