Admiralty

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admiralty

n. concerning activities which occur at sea, including on small boats and ships innavigable bays. Admiralty law (maritime law) includes accidents and injuries at sea, maritime contracts and commerce, alleged violations of rules of the sea over shipping lanes and rights-of-way, and mutiny and other crimes on shipboard. Jurisdiction over all these matters rests in the Federal Courts, which do not use juries in admiralty cases. There are other special rules in processing maritime cases, which are often handled by admiralty law specialists. Lawyers appearing in admiralty cases are called "proctors." (See: maritime law)

ADMIRALTY. The name of a jurisdiction which takes cognizance of suits or actions which arise in consequence of acts done upon or relating to the sea; or, in other words, of all transactions and proceedings relative to commerce and navigation, and to damages or injuries upon the sea. 2 Gall. R. 468. In the great maritime nations of Europe, the term "admiralty jurisdiction," is, uniformly applied to courts exercising jurisdiction over maritime contracts and concerns. It is as familiarly known among the jurists of Scotland, France, Holland and Spain, as of England, and applied to their own courts, possessing substantially the same jurisdiction as the English Admiralty had in the reign of Edward III. Ibid., and the authorities there cited; and see, also, Bac. Ab. Court of Admiralty; Merl. Repert. h.t. Encyclopedie, h.t.; 1 Dall. 323.
     2. The Constitution of the United States has delegated to the courts of the national government cognizance "of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;" and the act of September 24, 1789, ch. 20 s. 9, has given the district court" cognizance of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction," including all seizures under laws of imposts, navigation or trade of the United States, where the seizures are made on waters navigable from the sea, by vessels of ten or more tons burden, within their respective districts, as well as upon the high seas.
     3. It is not within the plan of this work to enlarge upon this subject.

References in periodicals archive ?
1775, in Tompkins, "Review of British Admiralty Records."
Henderson from the British Admiralty "so that the rapid evolution of international events would not have a negative impact on London's current good mood--concerning the financing" (17).
Here is a letter written to the British Admiralty: "A considerable change of climate, inexplicable at present to us, must have taken place in the Circumpolar Regions, by which the severity of the cold that has for centuries past enclosed the seas in the high northern latitudes in an impenetrable barrier of ice has been, during the last two years, greatly abated.
Yarrows and Burrard Dry Dock, experienced shipbuilders with the most developed facilities and skilled workforces, each received contracts to build coal-burning minesweepers to a British Admiralty design, dubbed the Fundy class after the lead ship.
He declared that, through his British admiralty connections, he had a well-informed intelligence service and was willing to supply information on ship movements and intentions.
Pearson in great dejection fears that his reputation has been ruined, but Jones assures him that the British Admiralty will recognize him and that his King will reward him with a knighthood.
The British Admiralty's Hydrographic Office ultimately provided the necessary money to complete the studies.
It is impossible really to understand the dilemmas facing Churchill, Admiral Pound and the British Admiralty in mid 1941 when confronting the issue of whether to reinforce their position in Singapore without taking such complexities fully into account.
The book reveals that MI5 and the British Admiralty lobbied for the establishment of the CWS as the war approached, and also advised on how such a service might best be organised.
In all, the British Admiralty sent out 14 searches, in addition to the American and privately financed expeditions.
The Signal Tower, commissioned by the British Admiralty in 1805 and used by Lloyds of London to record shipping movements, is of historic importance to the Inishowen Peninsula.
* British Admiralty Charts of Australian waters, 1814-1891 http://nla.gov.au/nla.map-vn3790884--a collection of original first-issue nautical charts and views in the first detailed hydrographic charting of the Australian coastline.

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