House of Lords

(redirected from British House of Lords)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to British House of Lords: Lords Spiritual and Temporal

House of Lords

in the constitutional law of the UK, one of the two chambers of Parliament, the other being the HOUSE OF COMMONS. It is composed of Lords Spiritual, being the Archbishops of Canterbury and York and other senior bishops. Until 1999 the rest of the membership was predominantly made up of hereditary peers of whom there were several hundred but very few of whom actually sat. The majority of the peers in attendance are the life peers and peeresses. There are over three hundred such peers. The Speaker of the House of Lords is the Lord Chancellor. At the end of the 1998-99 session, in accordance with Section 1 of the House of Lords Act 1999, 655 hereditary peers ceased to be members of the House while, under Section 2, 90 hereditary peers, the Earl Marshal and the Lord Great Chamberlain remained as members for their lifetime or until a subsequent Act provides otherwise. This change had the effect of reducing the total membership of the House from 1,330 in October 1999 to 669 in March 2000. A Royal Commission reported in 2000, and further reform to democratize and modernize the House seems inevitable. The House reviews legislation in often impressive debates. It can delay legislation, initiate non-controversial legislation and scrutinizes legislation of the EUROPEAN UNION.

The House of Lords is also the highest court in the land, although not in respect of criminal matters in Scotland where there is no appeal from the HIGH COURT OF JUSTICIARY (although the same individual law lords sitting on the constitutionally different Board of the PRIVY COUNCIL now can reverse the High Court on devolution issues, which may include human rights matters such as that to a fair trial). To make sure that there is an adequate number of sufficiently qualified persons to carry out this task, it has been possible since 1876 to appoint Law Lords.

HOUSE OF LORDS. Eng. law. The English lords, temporal and spiritual, when taken collectively and forming a branch of the parliament, are called the House of Lords.
     2. Its assent is required to all laws. As a court of justice, it tries all impeachments.

References in periodicals archive ?
IN JANUARY, the British House of Lords backed an amendment to the Children and Families Bill that would empower ministers to make it illegal in England to smoke in a car with a child inside.
Islamabad -- Lord Nazir Ahmed, the member of British House of Lords called on Federal Minister for Interior and Narcotics Control Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan here today.
We can't copy the British appointment system exactly because the British House of Lords differs in key respects from our Senate.
I mean, I wasn't writing to the membership of the British House of Lords, for heaven's sake.
In a significant contrary view expressed by Lord Rogan of the British House of Lords, who was one whole week touring the length and breadth of this South Asian nation which successfully defeated the 26-year terrorism of the Tamil Tigers, said "The military presence in the North is substantially less than what has been often portrayed.
LONDON, September 9, 2013 (WAFA) -- President Mahmoud Abbas Monday urged the British House of Lords and House of Commons to actively support the peace process that is supposed to lead to the creation of an independent Palestinian state.
London, June 19 (Petra) -- His Majesty King Abdullah II met on Wednesday with committees at the British House of Lords and the House of Commons for talks on the latest developments in the Middle East, mainly focusing on the Syrian crisis and efforts to achieve peace.
Parliamentary tradition dictates that a red carpet is used only in the upper house of unelected members such as the Canadian Senate or British House of Lords.
Brand, Senior Partner, Patton Boggs LLP, Washington, DC, USA; Professor Lord Alec Broers, Member of the British House of Lords, UK; Dr.
Al Khoury, the Director General of Emirates Identity Authority (Emirates ID), received the honour at the annual ceremony of the institute that was held at the British House of Lords in London recently.
COTABATO -- British House of Lords member and Nobel Peace Prize winner David Trimble on Thursday met with Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Teresita Deles to exchange notes and demonstrate support in resolving the long-standing conflict in the south.
With an honour of a Commander of the British Empire and an independent Peer from the British House of Lords, Hastings previously served as BBC's first head of corporate social responsibility.

Full browser ?