Tree

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TREE. A woody plant, which in respect of thickness and height grows greater than any other plant.
     2. Trees are part of the real estate while growing, and before they are severed from the freehold; but as soon as they are cut down, they are personal property.
     3. Some trees are timber trees, while others do not bear that denomination. Vide Timber, and 2 Bl. Com. 281.
     4. Trees belong to the owner of the land where they grow, but if the roots go out of one man's land into that of another, or the branches spread over the adjoining estates, such roots or branches may be cut off by the owner of the land into which they thus grow. Rolle's R. 394; 3 Bulst. 198; Vin. Ab. Trees, E; and tit. Nuisance, W 2, pl. 3; 8 Com. Dig. 983; 2 Com. Dig. 274; 10 Vin. Ab. 142; 20 Viii. Ab. 415; 22 Vin. Ab. 583; 1 Supp. to Ves. jr. 138; 2 Supp. to Ves. jr. 162, 448; 6 Ves. 109.
     5. When the roots grow into the adjoining land, the owner of such land may lawfully claim a right to hold the tree in common with the owner of the land where it was planted; but if the branches only overshadow the adjoining land, and the root does not enter it, the tree wholly belongs owner of the estate where the roots grow. 1 Swift's Dig. 104; 1 Hill. Ab. 6; 1 Ld. Raym. 737. Vide 13 Pick. R. 44; 1 Pick., R. 224; 4 Mass. R. 266; 6 N. H. Rep. 430; 3 Day, 476; 11 Co. 50; Rob. 316; 2 Rolle, It. 141 Moo. & Mal. 112; 11 Conn. R. 177; 7 Conn. 125; 8 East, R. 394; 5 B. & Ald. 600; 1 Chit. Gen. Pr. 625; 2 Phil. Ev. 138; Gale & Wheat. on Easem. 210; Code Civ. art. 671; Pardes. Tr. des Servitudes, 297; Bro. Ab. Demand, 20; Dall. Dict. mot Servitudes, art. 3 Sec. 8; 2 P. Wms. 606; Moor, 812; Hob. 219; Plowd. 470; 5 B. & C. 897; S. C. 8 D. & R. 651. When the tree grows directly on the boundary line, so that the line passes through it, it is the property of both owners, whether it be marked as a boundary or not. 12 N. H. Rep. 454.

References in periodicals archive ?
The community composition of bronchial tree is reported to be similar with the upper airways, but the biomass is less, indicating that aspiration from the upper airways may be the source of lung microbiome.[sup][25],[26],[27] Charlson et al .[sup][25] showed that there were similarities in the microbiologic pattern in the oropharynx and bronchial tree, indicating that there is no unique lung microbiome.
Postma, "Treatment of the bronchial tree from beginning to end: targeting small airway inflammation in asthma," Allergy, vol.
These are predominantly located in the right bronchial tree (48-49%), less in the left (39-44%), and least likely in the upper airway or tracheal (4-13%) [15,16].
It has been speculated that parasympathetic stimulation from surgery may be responsible, considering that the smooth muscle of the bronchial tree has muscarinic receptors, which produce bronchial constriction when activated by cholinergic stimulation.
This might increase the incidence of tumors of the oral cavity, tongue, larynx, pharynx, trachea, bronchial tree, lungs, tonsils, nasal mucosa, nasal air sinuses, nasal polyps, vocal cords, esophagus, and any other structure where the insulin particulates are deposited during inhalation and nasal spray delivery methods.
Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a communication between the pleural space and the bronchial tree. (2) BPF is a life-threatening complication usually seen after pulmonary resection.
Diagnostic criteria for bronchial anthracosis was based on direct observation of bronchial tree, (1) thus, in view of bronchoscopy, patients with black discoloration of bronchus were selected and labeled as bronchial anthracosis.
The predominance of a restrictive pattern might be due to the complete obstruction of the bronchial tree or due to the chronic inflammatory changes and bronchiectatic changes of the parenchyma beyond the stenosis 7].
The tracheal wound was debrided and used as a tracheostomy; a spent bullet in the bronchial tree was missed on initial evaluation but later successfully retrieved bronchoscopically.
The conducting portions include the upper airway, trachea and bronchial tree down to the bronchioles.
The following mechanisms are considered as having for BA development in pathology of nose and its paranasal cavities: 1) development of inflammatory processes in the lungs while penetration of different allergen substances from pathologically changed paranasal cavities; 2) increased blockade of [beta]-adrenergic receptors resulting in increase of the bronchial tree irritability; 3) reflector bronchospasm due to increase in anxiety of parasympathetic nervous system (Ussel, 2001).
Papillomas are uncommon benign tumors of the lower bronchial tree. According to the World Health Organization, they are classified as squamous, glandular, or mixed (with squamous and glandular elements).