By-laws


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BY-LAWS. Rules and ordinances made by a corporation for its own government.
     2. The power to make by-laws is usually conferred by express terms of the charter creating the corporation, though, when not expressly granted, it is given by implication, and it is incident to the very existence of a corporation. When there is an express grant, limited to certain cases and for certain purposes, the corporate power of legislation is confined to the objects specified, all others being excluded by implication. 2 Kyd on Corp. 102; 2 P. Wms. 207; Ang. on Corp. 177. The power of making by-laws, is to be exercised by those persons in whom it is vested by the charter; but if that instrument is silent on that subject, it resides in the members of the corporation at large. Harris & Gill's R. 324; 4 Burr. 2515, 2521; 6 Bro. P. C. 519.
     3. The constitution of the United States, and acts of congress made in conformity to it the constitution of the state in which a corporation is located, and acts of the legislature, constitutionally made, together with the common-law as there accepted, are of superior force to any by-law; and such by-law, when contrary to either of them, is therefore void, whether the charter authorizes the making of such by-law or not; because no legislature can grant power larger than they themselves possess. 7 Cowen's R. 585; Id. 604 5 Cowen's R. 538. Vide, generally, Aug. on Corp. ch. 9; Willc. on Corp. ch. 2, s. 3; Bac. Ab. h. t.; 4 Vin. Ab. 301 Dane's Ab. Index, h. t., Com. Dig. h. t.; and Id. vol. viii. h. t.

References in periodicals archive ?
The commission is supposed to complete its recommendations on necessary by-laws and a consultant will be hired later to carry out a comprehensive revision of the master plan from 2020-2040.
Notices were served to the violators while management of the housing societies was directed to ensure implementation of building by-laws and provision of civic amenities to the residents.
WHEREAS the use of technology and the internet is a more cost-effective method to communicate and the current wording of the By-laws has not kept up with the changing times;
Coscolluela pointed out that the By-Laws allow the Board to determine qualifications of members, not their rights.
Earlier, there were no by-laws to regulate the construction of commercial buildings lining major roads of the city.
During the hearing the Chief Justice Main Saqib Nisar made it cleared that if by-laws not implemented then responsibility would be held on Chairman Capital Development Authority (CDA).
ITF has since supported POC's stand and even stated in its letter that no presidential elections shall be made prior to the amendment of the PHILTA by-laws.
Please check with the Commission on Elections whether Kabayan's constitution and by-laws have been amended after submission in 2009.
GWC has gained shareholder approval for the amendment of portions of its Articles of Association (AoA) and its by-laws in compliance with the newly updated regulations stated in the Corporate Governance Regulations issued by Qatar Financial Markets Authority (QFMA).
1 (Petra)--The Cabinet approved during its recent session, the 2016 by-laws on travel agencies and the Jordan Society of Tourism and Travel Agents.
72 of 2015 (the "By-laws"), which came into force on 10 November 2015 and, in our opinion, incorporated with many constructive changes into Kuwait's Capital Market laws.
M2 EQUITYBITES-February 11, 2016-Sonoco's board approves dividend and amends By-Laws