Graft

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Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

References in periodicals archive ?
When the LITA to LAD bypass graft is performed first, antiplatelet therapy is routinely started after surgery to prevent antiplatelet-related bleeding complications during surgery and is present at time of PCI [6, 13, 27].
Long-term results of 66 femorofemoral bypass grafts: 9-year follow-up.
The Phase III trial titled Pexelizumab for Reduction of Infarction and Mortality in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery 2 (PRIMO-CABG2), included approximately 4,250 patients, and compared the safety and efficacy of pexelizumab against that of placebo in reducing heart attack and death following CABG surgery with or without concomitant valve surgery.
Researchers compared CTA with ICA in 48 patients with a total of 131 coronary artery bypass grafts. Two experienced readers evaluated the bypass graft patency and the presence of stenosis, which is a narrowing or constriction in the blood vessel.
In the UK more than 28,000 coronary artery bypass grafts are carried out each year - with each operation costing the NHS between pounds 7,000 and pounds 9,000.
A 79-year-old man had his vocal fold mobility documented as normal at a major university center following the latest of his two coronary artery bypass graft surgeries in 1998.
Patients in New York state who undergo coronary artery bypass graft surgery and are covered by either private managed-care or Medicare managed-care insurance are significantly less likely than patients with fee-for-service insurance to have the surgery done in hospitals with lower mortality rates, according to a study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association.
Physical and psychosocial outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: Review of the literature.
But when more than one bypass graft is needed, most surgeons use a saphenous vein from the leg.
ACC/AHA guidelines for coronary artery bypass graft surgery: executive summary and recommendations: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee to revise the 1991 guidelines for coronary artery bypass graft surgery).
On Pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery versus Off pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A Review.
Hillis LD, Smith PK, Anderson JL, Bittl JA, Bridges CR, Byrne JG, et al .2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines.