Cell

(redirected from CD4 cell)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to CD4 cell: CD4 count

CELL. A small room in a prison. See Dungeon.

References in periodicals archive ?
The distribution ofcryptococcal antigenemia was highly varying with CD4 cell levels.
This may also mean that the WHO guidelines for initiating therapy are set at too-low CD4 cell counts, and that a greater number of people should be on treatment.
With an active viral replication, the rate of CD4 cells destruction might outweigh the rate of production of newer cells.
Rates of Disease Progressive by Baseline Cd4 Cell count and viral load after Initiating Triple Drug Therapy, JAMA; 286(20): 2568-2577.
WHO guidelines issued in 2009 recommended antiretroviral therapy for people with a CD4 cell count below 350 cells/m[m.sup.3] and for all HIV-positive individuals with TB.
Based on a total of 15 cases, the researchers found that the cumulative incidence of CIN-2+ over 5 years of follow-up was 2 percent in HIV-infected women with CD4 cell count less than 350 cells/uL, 2 percent in those with CD4 cell count of 350 to 499 cells/uL, 6 percent in those women with CD4 cell count of 500 cells/uL or greater, and 5 percent in HIV-uninfected women.
"The association of hepatic failure with recent CD4 cell level suggests that the risk for hepatic failure is at least partially immune related.
Twenty-eight years after the recognition of AIDS, the SILCAAT and ESPRIT trials have made us question the value of CD4 cell counts as a universally applicable biomarker.
The previous guidelines had stated that treatment should begin before CD4 cell counts declined to 200/mcL.
The analyses included 635 patients who had a baseline CD4 cell count on March 1, 2000, and at least one clinic visit or hospitalization later in the study period; half were followed up for at least seven months.
CD4 cell counts had been recorded as 434 x [10.sup.6]/L in 1996 and 260 x [10.sup.6]/L in 1998.
But the beta Chemokines only block some HIV viruses, those that use the CCR5 receptor on the CD4 cell to enter the cell--not viruses that use the CXCR4 receptor, which often evolve later in HIV infection.