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Related to CHILD syndrome: battered child syndrome, Only child syndrome


n. 1) a person's natural offspring. 2) a person 14 years and under. A "child" should be distinguished from a "minor" who is anyone under 18 in almost all states.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


1 a young person. The law in either England and Scotland cannot be said to offer any single definition of the word. Various ages are defined as childhood, but all are under the age of majority, which is 18.
2 in wills and deeds, ‘child’ can refer to persons of any age. Normally ‘child’ will refer to issue in the first generation only, excluding grandchildren or remoter issue, but if the testator's intention can be interpreted as including descendants then the position maybe different.
3 throughout the UK for the purposes of child support, a qualifying child is a person under the age of 16 or under 19 and in full-time (but not advanced) education or under 18 in certain circumstances and a person who has not contracted a valid, void or annulled marriage. A qualifying child is one for which one or both parents is an absent parent.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CHILD, CHILDREN, domestic relations. A child is the son or daughter in relation to the father or mother.
     2. We will here consider the law, in general terms, as it relates to the condition, duties, and rights of children; and, afterwards, the extent which has been given to the word child or children by dispositions in wills and testaments.
     3.-1. Children born in lawful wedlock, or within a competent time afterwards, are presumed to be the issue of the father, and follow his condition; those born out of lawful wedlock, follow the condition of the mother. The father is bound to maintain his children and to educate them, and to protect them from injuries. Children are, on their part, bound to maintain their fathers and mothers, when in need, and they are of ability so to do. Poth. Du Marriage, n. 384, 389. The father in general is entitled to the custody of minor children, but, under certain circumstances, the mother will be entitled to them, when the father and mother have separated. 5 Binn. 520. Children are liable to the reasonable correction of their parents. Vide Correction
     4.-2. The term children does not ordinarily and properly speaking comprehend grandchildren, or issue generally; yet sometimes that meaning is, affixed to it, in cases of necessity; 6 Co. 16; and it has been held to signify the same as issue, in cases where the testator, by using the terms children and issue indiscriminately, showed his intention to use the former term in the sense of issue, so as to entitle grandchildren, & c., to take under it. 1 Ves. sen. 196; Ambl. 555; 3 Ves. 258; Ambl. 661; 3 Ves. & Bea. 69. When legally construed, the term children is confined to legitimate children. 7 Ves. 458. The civil code of Louisiana, art. 2522, n. 14, enacts, that "under the, name of children are comprehended, not only children of the first degree, but the grandchildren, great-grand-children, and all other descendants in the direct line."
     5. Children are divided into legitimate children, or those born in lawful wedlock; and natural or illegitimate children, who are born bastards. (q.v.) Vide Natural Children. Illegitimate children are incestuous bastards, or those which are not incestuous.
     6. Posthumous children are those who are born after the death of their fathers. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. prel. t. 2, s. 1, Sec. 7 L. 3, Sec. 1, ff de inj. rupt.
     7. In Pennsylvania, the will of their fathers, in, which no provision is made for them, is revoked, as far as regards them, by operation of law. 3 Binn. R. 498. See, as to the law of Virginia on this subject, 3 Munf. 20, and article In ventre sa mere. Vide, generally, 8 Vin. Ab. 318; 8 Com. Dig. 470; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; 2 Kent, Com. 172; 4 Kent, Com. 408, 9; 1 Rop. on Leg. 45 to 76; 1 Supp. to Ves. jr. 442 Id. 158; Natural children.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
(51) Without direct evidence, prosecutors turn to BCS because "the bones tell a story the child is too young or too frightened to tell." (52) Therefore, "[d]espite defendants' objections, courts have repeatedly admitted [BCS] evidence claiming that battered child syndrome provides proof of intent and negates accident in relevant cases." (53) When direct evidence in abuse cases is lacking, prosecutors use BCS to show a history of abuse and indicate that someone intended to cause harm.
Battered woman syndrome, battered child syndrome, and black rage all are defenses for which expert testimony is essential to facilitate an understanding of the nature of the defense.
An abuser severely shakes the baby's head back and forth, causing an injury known as "shaken child syndrome," or the child may have suffered a direct blow to the head.
A Also referred to as developmental co-ordination disorder, dyspraxia is a condition which impacts on movement and co-ordination - formerly more bluntly known as "clumsy child syndrome".
According to the media, say the book's authors, Catherine Salmon and Katrin Schumann, middle children are often portrayed with the nebulous label 'middle child syndrome.'
She offers ideas for rules and solutions for food issues, progress charts for school, introduction of "rituals" to create consistency, early sex lessons, considerations for contact with birth parents, games that encourage bonding and trust, describing and dealing with family history, managing emotions and behavioral difficulties (including through "dumping sessions"), determining consequences for problem behavior, and managing second child syndrome, among other issues.
It used to be called "clumsy child syndrome" and now many refer to it as a hidden condition, because children don't appear any different from those without it.
The 15-year-old suffers from 'clumsy child syndrome' and her family say the school failed to protect her.
Laura Davis's article on middle child syndrome on August 24 struck a chord with reader Esme Berman.
Retinal hemorrhage almost always points to one thing: battered child syndrome. Other ocular manifestations of battering include hyphema, lid ecchymoses, subconjunctival hemorrhage, lens subluxation, and differences in pupil size.
More than pounds 100,000 of Lottery money is to be spent getting youngsters who suffer from socalled 'clumsy child syndrome' to skateboard, ride BMX bikes and rollerblade in Worcestershire, writes Shahid Naqvi.
Also, we cannot leave aside the effects of modern life, the single child syndrome, households wherein technology creates couch potatoes and material wealth that provides ample opportunity for excuses like riding lessons, hockey, week-end skiing and southern holidays to justify absence.

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