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The difference between mean CAT score in COPD patients with and without CV co- morbidities was not statistically significant (mean difference -1.
Most people have heard of lung (or respiratory) diseases such as asthma and bronchitis, while increasing numbers of people are being diagnosed with COPD.
A typical COPD patient is just as likely to die from a cardiovascular cause as they are from a respiratory one.
The aim of this supplement is to provide readers with an introduction to 4 key topics critical to the effective management of COPD in primary care, highlighting best practices to optimize patient care and outcomes.
Without treatment, COPD is generally a progressive disease, and as the disease gets worse patients become breathless during everyday activities such as climbing a flight of stairs or even getting washed and dressed in the morning.
Arshad said COPD is a lung ailment that is characterized by a persistent blockage of air flow from the lungs.
In people with COPD, the air sacs no longer bounce back to their original shape, and the airways have become swollen, blocked or obstructed, making it harder to get the air out of the lungs.
As some COPD patients present characteristics of asthma (asthma-COPD overlap syndrome as an example), it is possible that asthma-related inflammatory pathways play a role in the development/progression of COPD in a subgroup of patients.
For some COPD patients, a chronic cough and shortness of breath may be considered bothersome, but not a cause for serious concern.
Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to evaluate whether the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in COPD patients is associated with the GOLD 2011 grading classification.
Thus, COPD affects pulmonary blood vessels, right ventricle as well as left ventricle leading to development of pulmonary hypertension, cor-pulmonale, right ventricular dysfunction and left ventricular dysfunction too.