To address the extent to which CTDs
may be influenced by these various anthropogenic sources, we generate composite backward trajectories for CTD
and non-CTD cases (Fig.
Patients with UCTD exhibit autoantibodies and signs or symptoms associated with CTD
, but they do not meet the criteria for a defined subtype of collagen disease.
As discussed before, in resting cells, RIG-I and MDA5 are kept in a closed conformation (signal off) by their CTD
. Upon contact with vRNA molecules, it is proposed that an ATP-dependent translocation along the dsRNA leads to the high-affinity binding with the CTD
to expose the 2CARDs and to the promotion of the formation of stable RIG-I dimers [42-44].
All subjects had their tongues examined using a CTDS
. The subjects were required to avoid food and liquid intake for at least 4 h before the tongue examination and to refrain from brushing their teeth and tongue.
 screened 322 Chinese PBC patients for the presence of CTDs
and identified the differences in clinical features and laboratory findings between PBC patients with or without CTDs
As future directions, it will be necessary to do a close follow-up of our population of study to see if there is any change in the serological profile or symptoms and how many of them develop a CTD
over the years, preparing a previously agreed checklist to standardize the information obtained by clinicians to elaborate a new and improved database.
A flare of her CTD
was an initial concerning differential diagnosis, but this became less likely as the results of normal complement, and evidence that the haemolytic process was non-autoimmune mediated, became available.
Pulmonary involvement represents an important complication in CTDs
, with varying degrees of involvement reported for different disease categories.
Therefore, in the current study, the reliability, factor structure, and convergent validity of the CTDS
will be investigated on an ethnically diverse sample of U.S.
In 2010, Wang developed a critical thinking disposition survey (CTDS
) based on the CCTDI (Facione, 1990), to measure technical students' critical thinking ability in relation to use of the Internet learning system.
In contrast, there are many varieties of measurements inclusive of CTDs
, XBTs, Argo profiling floats, remote sensing satellite, and so on.
Besides, ET-1 is considered to be a central pathogenic factor in connective tissue diseases (CTDs
) such as systemic sclerosis (SSc), leading to vasoconstriction, fibrosis and inflammation.