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The counsel or group of advisers of a king or other chief executive of a government. A group of individuals who advise the president of the United States.

The president's cabinet was created by custom and tradition and was instituted by the first president. The heads of each of the executive departments of the government, including the Secretary of State, the secretary of the treasury, the secretary of defense, the attorney general, the secretary of the interior, the secretary of agriculture, the secretary of commerce, the secretary of labor, the secretary of health and human services, the secretary of education, the secretary of housing and urban development, and the secretary of transportation, comprise the cabinet.


Executive Branch.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


in the constitutional law of the UK, as a result of various conventions, the executive part of the British government. Beginning as a group of special advisers to the crown, the lack of interest shown by monarchs in the 18th century meant that the Crown took little part in their deliberations. Parliament was concerned about this practice, and as early as the Act of Settlement of 1700 had tried to restrain the practice. Nonetheless, the Reform Act of 1832, extending the franchise, meant that the support of the House of Commons was ever more important. Accordingly, whoever had support there could have the direct link to the Crown, which was the essence of the Cabinet. The acceptance of the limited role of monarchy and the increase in representation have increased the status of the Cabinet so that it is now effectively the executive branch of government answerable to Parliament and requiring to legislate through Parliament with the Crown but in practical day-to-day matters being able to carry through all business subject to the duty of doing so in accordance with the policy of Parliament. It is entirely distinct from the Privy Council, whose meetings take precedence, but naturally many of the same individuals sit on both. Members of the Cabinet are usually ministers and are appointed by the Crown on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. There are usually about 20 members, and the existence of the Cabinet, although a matter of convention, has been noticed in legislation and judicial decision. It has a secretariat, and in modern times it keeps records, including minutes. Members subscribe to a doctrine of collective responsibility under which dissension in Cabinet is silenced after a decision, and all abide and promote that course. The Cabinet is responsible as a whole to Parliament under this doctrine.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CABINET. Certain officers who taken collectively make a board; as, the president's, cabinet, which is usually composed of the secretary of state, secretary of the treasury, the attorney general, and some others.
     2. These officers are the advisers of the president.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The cabinet system eliminates the need for busy city dwellers to weed the garden or learn cultivation practices, or for them to worry about pests and pesticides.
This cabinet system eliminates bypass air and the mixing of cold air and exhaust air within the cabinet and the data center, optimizing cooling capacity and reducing cooling energy consumption by over 40% (see Panduit White Papers below).
Kelly "There is no evidence the problems we are facing spring out of a cabinet system or are replicated in other councils, all of whom use the cabinet system.
Their main target is what is often referred to as the ''bureaucratic Cabinet system.'' They seem to think this approach echoes the party's pledge to develop policies under political leadership without depending on bureaucrats.
As an old Labour Party member (and getting older by the year), I was brought up to value democratic, rather than authoritarian, approaches, so I happen to think that there is a real problem with centralising power into a small number of hands: is Birmingham or Wal-sall currently better run under a cabinet system than previously?
"I don't like this new cabinet system, where I feel my input is not as great as it could be."
The reports immediately prompted a strong reaction from some lawmakers in the ULD, who have stepped up pressures on the prime minister to push ahead with the ULD's plan to seek a parliamentary cabinet system.
The three families of products, which have features such as cam locks and miter fold drawers to simplify assembly, include Storage Stacker Systems, Storage Cabinet Systems and Custom Closet Systems.
Gardner popped a 20-inch-deep cabinet system into a side wall and a built-in refrigerator into a laundry room, framing these openings in nonstructural walls.
Liberal Democrat councillor Josh Mason said the Cabinet system did not allow all councillors to reflect their residents' needs.
RECENTLY the Echo carried a story about Mick Antoniw and his arguments for changing local government inWales back to the committee-based structure which existed before Tony Blair scrapped it 10 years ago ("AM hopeful hits out at council cabinet system", August 9).
The Government has forced Kirklees to abandon its cabinet system and choose either a mayor elected by the public or a leader voted in by councillors.