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Related to Calabar swelling: onchocerciasis, Onchocerca volvulus, Loa loa, sowda
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Known as Calabar swellings, they are terribly irritating and can become numerous and severe enough to incapacitate the victim.
For patients at risk of Loa loa infection (because of previous travel to regions in central or West Africa where the infection is endemic), day-blood tests (samples taken between 12:00-2:00 p.m.) were performed to check for microfilaria and a filaria enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to exclude this diagnosis (Calabar swellings, indicative of Loa loa infection, may mimic gnathostomiasis).