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CALIFORNIA. The name of one of the states of the United States. It was admitted into the Union, by an Act of Congress, passed the 9th September, 1850, entitled "An act for the admission of the state of California into the Union."
     Sec. 1. This section enacts and declares that the state of California shall be one of the United States, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, in all respects whatever.
     Sec. 2. Enacts that the state of California shall be entitled to two representatives, until the representatives in Congress shall be apportioned according to the actual enumeration of the inhabitants, of the United States.
     Sec. 3. By this section a condition is expressly imposed on the said state that the people thereof shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the public lands within its limits, nor pass any law, nor do any act, whereby the title of the United States to, and right to dispose of the same, shall be impaired or questioned. It also provides that they shall never lay any tax, or assessment of any description whatever, upon the public domain of the United States; and that in no case shall non-resident proprietors, who are citizens of the United States, be taxed higher than residents; that all navigable waters within the said state shall be common highways, forever free, as well to the inhabitants of said state, as to citizens of the United States, without any tax, impost or duty therefor; with this proviso, viz., that nothing contained in the act shall be construed as recognizing or rejecting the propositions tendered by the people of California, as articles of compact in the ordinance adopted by the convention which formed the constitution of that state.
     2. The principal features of the constitution, of California, are similar to those of most, of the recently formed state constitutions. It establishes an elective judiciary, and: confers on the executive a qualified veto. It prohibits the creation of a state debt exceeding $300,000. It provides for the protection of the homestead from execution, and secures the property of married females separate from that of their husbands. It makes a liberal provision for the support of schools, prohibits the legislature from granting divorces, authorizing lotteries, and creating corporations, except by general laws, and from establishing any bank's of issue or circulation. It provides also that every stockholder of a corporation or joint-stock association, shall be individually and personally liable for his proportion of all its, debts or liabilities. There is also a clause prohibiting slavery, which, it is said, was inserted by the unanimous vote of the delegates.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since 1970, California's human population has skyrocketed from 20 million to more than 32 million.
As initially written, California's practice privilege statute did not allow foreign accountants to obtain a practice privilege or provide services incidental to an engagement in another country.
California's workers' compensation system, the most expensive in the nation, is infamous for fraud and corruption.
California's current fiscal straits arguably make international businesses with a taxable presence in the State a potentially attractive target for tax administrators and the legislature.
"The result [of deregulation] is now bordering on catastrophic with utility companies demanding enormous rate increases or they will declare bankruptcy." Likewise, MIT economist and New York Times columnist Paul Krugman blames "placing blind faith in markets." "California's deregulation is a colossal and dangerous failure," declared Gov.
In a widely anticipated decision, a court of appeal ruled that California's dividends-received deduction (DRD) for dividends received from insurance companies is unconstitutional, became it discriminates against interstate commerce in violation of the Commerce Clause (Ceridian Corp., 102 Cal.
"Capitalism is falling apart," emotes the Los Angeles Times' left-wing columnist Robert Scheer, who references California's power problems as exhibit A.
A Los Angeles Times exit poll found that whites (70-30 percent), Latinos (77-23 percent) and Asian-Americans (66-34 percent) also turned thumbs down on California's Prop.
The bill states that an Internet presence maintained by or on behalf of a non-admitted insurer will be considered an advertisement and must comply with California's existing laws related to advertisements.
It is part of California's Joint Venture Program that links companies to state prisons.
Utah's champion Rocky Mountain juniper; and I have visited California's champion giant sequoia, a tree born when we first began counting the years toward a millennium.
The Albany, California's Chief Operator Teen Driver Program drives the point home for teens who would rather sing at a school assembly than attend their best friend's funeral.

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