California

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CALIFORNIA. The name of one of the states of the United States. It was admitted into the Union, by an Act of Congress, passed the 9th September, 1850, entitled "An act for the admission of the state of California into the Union."
     Sec. 1. This section enacts and declares that the state of California shall be one of the United States, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, in all respects whatever.
     Sec. 2. Enacts that the state of California shall be entitled to two representatives, until the representatives in Congress shall be apportioned according to the actual enumeration of the inhabitants, of the United States.
     Sec. 3. By this section a condition is expressly imposed on the said state that the people thereof shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the public lands within its limits, nor pass any law, nor do any act, whereby the title of the United States to, and right to dispose of the same, shall be impaired or questioned. It also provides that they shall never lay any tax, or assessment of any description whatever, upon the public domain of the United States; and that in no case shall non-resident proprietors, who are citizens of the United States, be taxed higher than residents; that all navigable waters within the said state shall be common highways, forever free, as well to the inhabitants of said state, as to citizens of the United States, without any tax, impost or duty therefor; with this proviso, viz., that nothing contained in the act shall be construed as recognizing or rejecting the propositions tendered by the people of California, as articles of compact in the ordinance adopted by the convention which formed the constitution of that state.
     2. The principal features of the constitution, of California, are similar to those of most, of the recently formed state constitutions. It establishes an elective judiciary, and: confers on the executive a qualified veto. It prohibits the creation of a state debt exceeding $300,000. It provides for the protection of the homestead from execution, and secures the property of married females separate from that of their husbands. It makes a liberal provision for the support of schools, prohibits the legislature from granting divorces, authorizing lotteries, and creating corporations, except by general laws, and from establishing any bank's of issue or circulation. It provides also that every stockholder of a corporation or joint-stock association, shall be individually and personally liable for his proportion of all its, debts or liabilities. There is also a clause prohibiting slavery, which, it is said, was inserted by the unanimous vote of the delegates.

References in periodicals archive ?
The consequence of this change was significant given that California is host to a large number of publicly traded foreign corporations that are traded on foreign stock exchanges and that foreign accountants need to enter California to provide audit services to those companies, thus under California's new law, these foreign accountants could be barred from performing such services in California.
Rand has acknowledged that by dividing spending by an inflated student count, it probably affected California's outcome.
Even with 69 fewer champion trees, California's total point score is half again as much as Florida's.
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California's workers' compensation system, the most expensive in the nation, is infamous for fraud and corruption.
California's current fiscal straits arguably make international businesses with a taxable presence in the State a potentially attractive target for tax administrators and the legislature.
Schwartz, a staffer at the San Francisco Chronicle and a sharply critical historian of the American left, is interested in what he calls the "hidden" or "secret" history of California's intellectual and cultural identity and its ultimate "conquest of the world.
In 2004 alone, California's dairy business generated $47.
In 2001, California's per capita income was $33,000, resulting in a Medicaid matching grant of 50 percent of actual health care costs.
Through a series of political compromises and maneuvers, SB 671 -- a bill originally drafted solely to reform California's water's-edge election -- was amended to incorporate a tax incentive for manufacturing equipment.
California's agricultural industry stands to lose more than $1 billion this year due to unusually low temperatures that have crippled many of the state's commodities, including citrus, avocados, strawberries, leafy greens, cabbage, celery and onions.
CalCPA's Committee on Taxation recently discussed a proposal by the California Performance Review that noted California's tax collection system is divided between four different agencies: the Board of Equalization administers the state's sales taxes, state assessed property taxes and a variety of excise taxes; the Franchise Tax Board collects income taxes; the Department of Motor Vehicles collects vehicle license fees; and the Employment Development Department collects employment taxes.

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