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CALIFORNIA. The name of one of the states of the United States. It was admitted into the Union, by an Act of Congress, passed the 9th September, 1850, entitled "An act for the admission of the state of California into the Union."
     Sec. 1. This section enacts and declares that the state of California shall be one of the United States, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, in all respects whatever.
     Sec. 2. Enacts that the state of California shall be entitled to two representatives, until the representatives in Congress shall be apportioned according to the actual enumeration of the inhabitants, of the United States.
     Sec. 3. By this section a condition is expressly imposed on the said state that the people thereof shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the public lands within its limits, nor pass any law, nor do any act, whereby the title of the United States to, and right to dispose of the same, shall be impaired or questioned. It also provides that they shall never lay any tax, or assessment of any description whatever, upon the public domain of the United States; and that in no case shall non-resident proprietors, who are citizens of the United States, be taxed higher than residents; that all navigable waters within the said state shall be common highways, forever free, as well to the inhabitants of said state, as to citizens of the United States, without any tax, impost or duty therefor; with this proviso, viz., that nothing contained in the act shall be construed as recognizing or rejecting the propositions tendered by the people of California, as articles of compact in the ordinance adopted by the convention which formed the constitution of that state.
     2. The principal features of the constitution, of California, are similar to those of most, of the recently formed state constitutions. It establishes an elective judiciary, and: confers on the executive a qualified veto. It prohibits the creation of a state debt exceeding $300,000. It provides for the protection of the homestead from execution, and secures the property of married females separate from that of their husbands. It makes a liberal provision for the support of schools, prohibits the legislature from granting divorces, authorizing lotteries, and creating corporations, except by general laws, and from establishing any bank's of issue or circulation. It provides also that every stockholder of a corporation or joint-stock association, shall be individually and personally liable for his proportion of all its, debts or liabilities. There is also a clause prohibiting slavery, which, it is said, was inserted by the unanimous vote of the delegates.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in classic literature ?
Such is a feeble outline of the Californian coast and country, the value of which is more and more attracting the attention of naval powers.
Simon has no property of his own save the small estate of Birchmoor, it is obvious that the Californian heiress is not the only gainer by an alliance which will enable her to make the easy and common transition from a Republican lady to a British peeress.'"
The American Association for Long-Term Care Insurance there are currently 650,000 Californians who own either traditional long-term care insurance or a linked benefit LTC policy.
The forerunner of Saudi Aramco was the Standard Oil Company of California, which first exploited the Kingdom's natural resource wealth and in the process led to a love affair with the motor car -- a trait Californians and Saudis share to this day.
The question terrorizing nervous Californians is if the magnitude 7.1 quake that hit Ridgecrest on July 5 was the "main event," or was it just the foreshock to a more devastating quake seismologists believe has a two percent chance of devastating California over the next few weeks?
California Insurance Commissioner Ricardo Lara plans to hold an investigatory hearing into how insurers' use of occupational, educational, and other groups for setting automobile insurance rates affects insurance premiums for lower-income Californians.
PASADENA, Calif: OneWest Bank's new survey revealed over 80 percent of Southern Californians believe it's important for banks to have a strong regional presence.
SACRAMENTO -- A new report from RAND Corporation researchers says the majority of Californians who are experiencing psychological distress, regardless of race and ethnicity, feel it is possible to recover from mental health problems.
First Coastal Californians is an authoritative and valuable book covering the first thirteen thousand years of human life along the Pacific coast, focused mainly on California.
LOS ANGELES (CyHAN)- Californians reduced their water use by a hefty 29 percent in May, the biggest monthly decline since Governor Jerry Brown called for a mandatory cut due to severe drought conditions, according to figures released Wednesday by the State Water Resources Control Board.
Hosting this group of 19 sommeliers is the California based non-profit, Californians Building Bridges (CBB), formed in 2010 to expand humanitarian and cultural exchanges between Cuba and California.

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